Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 731–736 | Cite as

Radiological Changes After Resection Rectopexy in Patients with Rectal Prolapse—Influence on Clinical Symptoms and Quality of Life

  • Susanne Otto
  • A. M. Dizer
  • M. E. Kreis
  • J. Gröne
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Resection rectopexy is performed to correct the anatomic defect associated with rectal prolapse. The aim of the study was to determine whether the change in the radiological prolapse grade has an influence on patients’ symptoms and quality of life.

Methods

The study investigated 40 patients who underwent resection rectopexy for rectal prolapse. The following were determined before and after surgery: radiological prolapse grade, anorectal angle and pelvic floor position in defecography, clinical symptoms (Cleveland Clinic Incontinence and Constipation Scores, Kelly-Hohlschneider Score), quality of life.

Results

Defecography revealed postoperative improvement in the prolapse grade and pelvic floor position (p < 0.05). The clinical symptoms and quality of life improved in both, the total population (n = 40) and in patients with improved radiological prolapse grade (n = 30): all clinical scores (p < 0.05), SF-36 (vitality, social role, mental health p < 0.05), and Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (lifestyle, coping, embarrassment p < 0.05). Patients without improved radiological findings showed no change in their symptoms or quality of life.

Conclusion

Our study demonstrates that the radiological prolapse grade is improved by resection rectopexy. Correction of the anatomic defect was associated with improvement in symptoms and quality of life. Defecography may therefore be useful in the postoperative assessment of persistent symptoms or reduced quality of life.

Keywords

Resection rectopexy Rectal prolapse Radiological prolapse grade Quality of life Defecography 

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Copyright information

© The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Otto
    • 1
  • A. M. Dizer
    • 1
  • M. E. Kreis
    • 1
  • J. Gröne
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of General, Visceral and Vascular SurgeryCharité – University Medicine BerlinBerlinGermany

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