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Therapeutic Management of Hemorrhage from Visceral Artery Pseudoaneurysms after Pancreatic Surgery

  • Original Article
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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery



Hemorrhage from pseudoaneurysms after pancreatic surgery is a rare but life-threatening and complicated complication. The study presents our experience to provide therapeutic management for this rare condition.


Between February 1994 and January 2011, 35 patients experienced hemorrhage from pseudoaneurysms in our hospital. Medical data of this rare complication were analyzed retrospectively.


The prevalence of hemorrhage from pseudoaneurysms was 3.2% (35/1,102). Sixteen patients (45.7%) experienced sentinel bleeding. Pancreatic fistula (74.3%) and intra-abdominal abscess (57.1%) were two common complications prior to hemorrhage. Of 35 patients, 20 underwent endovascular intervention, 14 received surgical re-laparotomy, and bleeding stopped spontaneously in one. The overall mortality rate was 22.9%. Technical success rate of endovascular treatment was 87%. There were significant differences in the mortality rate (10.0% vs 42.9%), operation time (72.8 vs 123.9 min), estimated blood loss (1,835 vs 3,000 ml), and intensive care unit stay (3.6 vs 8.6 days) between endovascular and surgical treatment. Mean follow-up was 19.2 ± 17.0 (range, 5–63 months).


Endovascular intervention represents the first-line treatment for hemorrhage from pseudoaneurysms after pancreatic surgery. Endovascular embolization or stent-graft placement should be selected individually depending on the involved artery and its vascular anatomy.

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All authors have no competing interest to declare. We declare that we have no financial or personal relationships with other people or organizations that can inappropriately influence our work.

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Correspondence to Sanyuan Hu or Xusheng Jiang.

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Xiangjiu Ding and Jiankang Zhu contributed equally to this work.

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Ding, X., Zhu, J., Zhu, M. et al. Therapeutic Management of Hemorrhage from Visceral Artery Pseudoaneurysms after Pancreatic Surgery. J Gastrointest Surg 15, 1417–1425 (2011).

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