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Surgical Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Upside-down Stomach Using the Da Vinci® Robotic System. A Prospective Study

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Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery


So far, the impact of telematic surgical approach in Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is still obscure. In this prospective study, we analyzed the Da Vinci® Intuitive Surgical robotic system for antireflux surgery. In April 2003, we set up a pilot study to evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic telerobotic surgery using the three-arm Da Vinci® system. Optimal trocar positions, operating and setup times, conversion rate, intraoperative complications, and perioperative morbidity, as well as mortality rate, were analyzed. The median age was 53 years (range 25–74) in 118 patients (52 female/66 male). In 17 patients, an upside-down stomach- and in 101 GERD was surgical indication. The median operating time has been reduced from 105 min to 91 min after 40 procedures and setup time from 24.5 min to 10.4 min after 10 procedures. The system is safe and it seems to be superior to traditional laparoscopy during dissection in the esophageal hiatus region. This compensates long setup- and operating times. Disadvantages are the high costs, the time to master the setup/system and the necessity of exact trocar positioning.

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Correspondence to Jens Hartmann.

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Hartmann, J., Jacobi, C.A., Menenakos, C. et al. Surgical Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Upside-down Stomach Using the Da Vinci® Robotic System. A Prospective Study. J Gastrointest Surg 12, 504–509 (2008).

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