Preoperative localization of the thymic veins is considered important to prevent intraoperative severe bleeding prior to video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal dose of contrast material for preoperative CT imaging for the detection of thymic veins on the basis of patient weight.
Materials and methods
The records of 31 patients who underwent thymectomy were examined retrospectively. All patients were scanned using an eight-channel multidetector-row computed tomography (CT) scanner at 1.25 mm collimation and a 0.625-mm reconstruction interval. CT scans were obtained after injection of 300 mg I/ml nonionic contrast material at a rate of 2 ml/s. A 90-ml contrast bolus was used for the first 16 consecutive patients (group I), and a 150-ml bolus was used for the following 15 patients (group II). The scan delay was 60 s and 90 s in groups I and II respectively. Two independent radiologists who were blinded to the surgical results evaluated the number of thymic veins observed on preoperative CT, which was later correlated with the actual number of thymic veins clipped during surgery. The responses were analyzed with respect to contrast amount by single bolus and per kilogram of body weight.
Thymic veins were correctly detected in 9 of 16 (56%) patients in group I and 14 of 15 (93%) patients in group II. Thymic vein detection was significantly better in patients who received the ≥2.0 ml/kg contrast medim compared to those who received the 1.00–1.99 ml/kg medium (P < 0.05).
An intravenous contrast material volume of 2 ml/kg (300 mg I/ml) is appropriate for the identification of thymic veins on prethymectomy CT.