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3D pore pressure modeling and overpressure zone prediction in the upper Assam Shelf, India

Abstract

Quantitative variation of pore pressure within the formations is essential for the selection of drilling mud, and to avoid catastrophic incidents such as blowouts. In this paper, we estimate to detect in-situ overpressure zone (OPZ) and to establish the adequate spatial distribution of PP from a 3D seismic data containing three wells in the foreland basin of the upper Assam shelf. We applied the fact that the porosity of Shale decreases monotonically as the effective stress increases, so we delimited the Shale volume up to 70% for PP estimation. The OPZ has been identified in the wells by comparing two methods: first, deviation of sonic transit time from normal compaction trend, and second, the separation between sonic-density porosity. The predicted PP is validated by repeat formation test and mud weight data. The 3D pore pressure model that obtained by velocity-effective stress transformation method matches with pore pressure in the wells with excellent goodness of fit. The PP gradient varies from 14.22 to 15.50 MPa/km in OPZ, and the top of OPZ ranges from 1225 to 2182 m, respectively. The spatial distribution of pore pressure is found to be mostly normal pressure for Barail, Sylhet and fracture basement except in the Kopili formation in which OPZ is spatially distributed, and higher pressure is observed in the locations toward the S-SE direction. Our results reveal the occurrence of overpressure zone in Barail and Kopili formations of Oligocene to Eocene, which can be attributed to the disequilibrium compaction phenomenon.

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Acknowledgements

We wish to acknowledge the financial support provided by the Department of Science and Technology (DST)-INSPIRE, Delhi for this research. We are gradual to Oil India, Assam for providing us with the data and many helpful discussions.

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Correspondence to Dip Kumar Singha.

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It is hereby stated that there is no conflict among author’s contributaion for preprataion of this research article, and the results of well and seismic data to publish in this journal.

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Edited by Dr. Liang Xiao (ASSOCIATE EDITOR) / Prof. Gabriela Fernández Viejo (CO-EDITOR-IN-CHIEF).

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Rai, N., Singha, D.K. & Chatterjee, R. 3D pore pressure modeling and overpressure zone prediction in the upper Assam Shelf, India. Acta Geophys. 70, 1203–1221 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11600-022-00771-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11600-022-00771-1

Keywords

  • Pore pressure
  • Overpressure zone
  • Well log and 3D post-stack seismic data
  • Model based seismic inversion
  • Upper Assam shelf