Statistics of tropospheric amplitude scintillation over selected locations in tropical Nigeria


Tropospheric scintillation depends significantly on any location's prevailing weather condition, and its variation must be statistically analyzed to ensure accurate fade margin determination. This study examines the distribution of Ku-band amplitude scintillation across selected locations in tropical Nigeria. Eight years of daily averaged data of surface temperature and relative humidity were employed for computing scintillation intensity (σ) and amplitude (χ) using international telecommunications union recommended model across eighteen (18) stations, that are subdivided into four (4) regions and spread over tropical Nigeria. The data, spanning January 2010 to December 2017, were obtained from the archive of the European center for medium-range weather forecasts (ECMWF) with a resolution of 0.125° by 0.125°. Three (3) years of in-situ data of concurrently measured satellite radio beacons and primary radio-climatic parameters at Akure (7° 17′ N, 5° 18′ E, 358 m), South-west Nigeria, were employed for comparison and validation. Statistical analyses involving time series, probability density, and cumulative distribution functions were performed on the scintillation dataset annually. Results indicate that the magnitude of tropospheric amplitude scintillation varies across different locations; nevertheless, it exhibits a similar distribution pattern characterized by the generalized extreme value (GEV) probability density function (pdf). The study has shown the need to incorporate the scintillation component into the fade mitigation architecture of telecommunication systems in tropical Nigeria while considering its regional variability. Also, experimental validation of the observations raised in this study should be encouraged at all the locations for better prediction accuracy.

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Data that support the findings in this study are available upon reasonable request from the authors.

Code availability

Codes that support the findings in this study are available upon reasonable request from the authors.


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Correspondence to Ayodeji Gabriel Ashidi.

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Communicated by Theodore Karacostas, Prof. (CO-EDITOR-IN-CHIEF)/Ioannis Pytharoulis, Ph.D. (ASSOCIATE EDITOR).

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Ashidi, A.G., Ojo, J.S., Kareem, A.I. et al. Statistics of tropospheric amplitude scintillation over selected locations in tropical Nigeria. Acta Geophys. (2021).

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  • Amplitude scintillation
  • Time-series analysis
  • Cumulative distribution
  • Probability density
  • Comparative analysis