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Multifractal description of streamflow and suspended sediment concentration data from Indian river basins

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Abstract

This study investigated the multifractality of streamflow data of 192 stations located in 13 river basins in India using the multifractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MF-DFA). The streamflow datasets of different river basins displayed multifractality and long-term persistence with a mean exponent of 0.585. The streamflow records of Krishna basin displayed least persistence and that of Godavari basin displayed strongest multifractality and complexity. Subsequently, the streamflow-sediment links of five major river basins were evaluated using the novel multifractal cross-correlation analysis (MFCCA) method of cross-correlation studies. The results showed that the joint persistence of streamflow and total suspended sediments (TSS) is approximately the mean of the persistence of individual series. The streamflow displayed higher persistence than TSS in 60% of the stations while in majority of stations of Godavari basin the trend was opposite. The annual cross-correlation is higher than seasonal cross-correlation in majority of stations but at these time scales strength of their association differs with river basin.

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The authors received NO funding for performing this research work.

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Correspondence to S. Adarsh.

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Adarsh, S., Dharan, D.S., Nandhu, A.R. et al. Multifractal description of streamflow and suspended sediment concentration data from Indian river basins. Acta Geophys. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11600-020-00407-2

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Keywords

  • Streamflow
  • Multifractal
  • Sediment
  • Persistence
  • Correlation