Investigation of infiltration rate for soil-biochar composites of water hyacinth

  • Phani Gopal
  • Sanandam Bordoloi
  • Raval Ratnam
  • Peng LinEmail author
  • Weiling Cai
  • Poly Buragohain
  • Ankit Garg
  • S. Sreedeep
Research Article - Hydrology


The objective of this short communication is to investigate the interactive effects of CIF, suction and volumetric water content (VWC) on infiltration rate for compacted soil–biochar (BC) composites (0%, 5% and 10%). The biochar was produced from an invasive weed Eichhornia crassipes. Soil parameters such as suction (ψ), VWC, CIF and infiltration rate were monitored simultaneously for 63 days (9 drying–wetting cycles) in those composites. This was followed by statistical modeling using artificial neural networks. Results showed that increase in WH BC content reduced the infiltration rates. The role of CIF in determining the infiltration rate reduced (50–38%) with the addition of BC to soil. Suction played an equal role (36–35%), both for bare soil and for WH BC composites, in determining the infiltration rate. Significance of VWC in determining rate of infiltration increases (14–27%) as the BC content increases. This is more likely, as the addition of BC enhanced the water retention capacity.


Biochar Cracked soil Interactive effects Infiltration Natural field work ANN 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11600_2018_237_MOESM1_ESM.docx (30 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 30 kb)


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Copyright information

© Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences & Polish Academy of Sciences 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Phani Gopal
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sanandam Bordoloi
    • 1
    • 3
  • Raval Ratnam
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peng Lin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Weiling Cai
    • 1
  • Poly Buragohain
    • 2
  • Ankit Garg
    • 1
  • S. Sreedeep
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringShantou UniversityShantouChina
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringMahindra École CentraleHyderabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia

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