After the presentation of second-order correlation ranging principles with quantum entanglement, the concept of quantum measurement is introduced to dynamic satellite precise orbit determination. Based on the application of traditional orbit determination models for correcting the systematic errors within the satellite, corresponding models for quantum orbit determination (QOD) are established. This paper experiments on QOD with the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) by first simulating quantum observations of 1 day arc-length. Then the satellite orbits are resolved and compared with the reference precise ephemerides. Subsequently, some related factors influencing the accuracy of QOD are discussed. Furthermore, the accuracy for GEO, IGSO and MEO satellites increase about 20, 30 and 10 times, respectively, compared with the results from the resolution by measured data. Therefore, it can be expected that quantum technology may also bring delightful surprises to satellite orbit determination as have already emerged in other fields.
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This study was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41674042). Professor Jinghua Qu, Doctor Hanbing Peng and Guofeng Ji gave some valuable proposals. All are greatly acknowledged.
Compliance with ethical standards
The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
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