A single scaling parameter as a first approximation to describe the rainfall pattern of a place: application on Catalonia

Abstract

As well as in other natural processes, it has been frequently observed that the phenomenon arising from the rainfall generation process presents fractal self-similarity of statistical type, and thus, rainfall series generally show scaling properties. Based on this fact, there is a methodology, simple scaling, which is used quite broadly to find or reproduce the intensity–duration–frequency curves of a place. In the present work, the relationship of the simple scaling parameter with the characteristic rainfall pattern of the area of study has been investigated. The calculation of this scaling parameter has been performed from 147 daily rainfall selected series covering the temporal period between 1883 and 2016 over the Catalonian territory (Spain) and its nearby surroundings, and a discussion about the relationship between the scaling parameter spatial distribution and rainfall pattern, as well as about trends of this scaling parameter over the past decades possibly due to climate change, has been presented.

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Acknowledgements

We gratefully acknowledge to Servei Meteorològic de Catalunya (Generalitat de Catalunya) and Observatori de l’Ebre for providing the data analyzed in this work. We are also grateful to the anonymous referees for their useful suggestions.

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Correspondence to M. Carmen Casas-Castillo.

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Casas-Castillo, M.C., Llabrés-Brustenga, A., Rius, A. et al. A single scaling parameter as a first approximation to describe the rainfall pattern of a place: application on Catalonia. Acta Geophys. 66, 415–424 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11600-018-0122-5

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Keywords

  • Simple scaling
  • Fractal analysis
  • Rainfall intensity
  • Intensity–duration–frequency curves
  • Climate change
  • Catalonia