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Downregulation of Cav3.1 T-type Calcium Channel Expression in Age-related Hearing Loss Model

Abstract

Objective

Age-related hearing loss (AHL), characterized by degeneration of cochlea structures, is the most common sensory disorder among the elderly worldwide. The calcium channel is considered to contribute to normal hearing. However, the role of the T-type voltage-activated calcium channel, Cav3.1, remains unclear in AHL. Here, we investigate the age-related change of Cav3.1 expression in the cochlea and D-gal-induced senescent HEI-OC1 cells.

Methods

Cochleae from C57BL/6 mice at 2 months and 12 months of age were assessed. Senescence in House Ear Institute-Organ of Corti 1 (HEI-OC1) cells was induced by D-gal treatment. The immunofluorescence technique was employed to investigate the distribution of Cav3.1 in vivo and in vitro. Quantitative assessment was achieved by Western blotting and real-time PCR.

Results

In comparison with 2-month-old animals, 12-month old C57BL/6 mice exhibited great loss of hair cells and elevated auditory brainstem threshold. The Cav3.1 was located in hair cells, spiral ganglion cells, lateral walls, and the expression of Cav3.1 protein and mRNA decreased in the aged cochleae. D-gal-induced senescence assay confirmed the down-regulation of Cav3.1 expression in senescent HEI-OC1 cells.

Conclusion

Our results show that age-related down-regulated expression of Cav3.1 in the cochleae is associated with AHL and may contribute to the pathogenesis of AHL.

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Acknowledgments

The authors thank Prof. Zheng-quan TANG from Anhui University for the technical assistance.

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Corresponding authors

Correspondence to Han-qi Chu or Jin-wu Sun.

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The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Additional information

This research was supported by grants from the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (No. 81800911 and No. 81771004), the Anhui Natural Science Foundation (No. 1808085QH248), and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. WK9110000053).

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Pan, Cc., Du, Zh., Zhao, Y. et al. Downregulation of Cav3.1 T-type Calcium Channel Expression in Age-related Hearing Loss Model. CURR MED SCI 41, 680–686 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11596-021-2416-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11596-021-2416-0

Key words

  • presbycusis
  • HEI-OC1
  • cochlea
  • C57BL/6 mouse