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Intense Pulsed Light Therapy for Patients with Meibomian Gland Dysfunction and Ocular Demodex Infestation

Summary

To observe the clinical changes of meibomian gland dysfunctipn (MGD) and ocular Demodex infestation after intense pulsed light (IPL) treatment to further examine the mechanism of IPL treating patients with MGD and ocular Demodex infestation. The medical records of 25 patients (49 eyes) with MGD treated with IPL, were retrospectively examined to determine outcomes. Associated ocular-surface parameters (ocular surface disease index, OSDI; lipid layer thickness, LLT; noninvasive first breakup time, NIF-BUT; noninvasive average breakup time, NIAvg-BUT; tear film breakup area, TBUA; Schirmer I Test, SIT; corneal fluorescein staining, CFS), eyelid margin abnormalities, meibum quality and expressibility, MG morphological parameters (macrostructure and microstructure), and the number of Demodex infestation were examined before and after treatment. The MG microstructure and the Demodex infestation were examined via in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM). The results showed that there were statistically significant differences in associated ocular-surface parameters (all P<0.05) before and after IPL treatment, except SIT (P=0.065). Eyelid margin abnormalities, meibum quality and expressibility obviously improved in upper and lower eyelid after IPL treatment (all P<0.0001). MG macrostructure (MG dropouts) decreased in upper (P=0.002) and lower eyelid (P=0.001) after IPL treatment. The nine parameters of MG microstructure in upper and lower eyelid all distinctly improved after IPL treatment (all P<0.0001). The mean number of Demodex mites on the upper lid margin (6.59±7.16 to 3.12±3.81/9 eyelashes) and lower lid margin (2.55±2.11 to 1.29±1.53/9 eyelashes) significantly reduced after IPL treatment (all P<0.0001). The Demodex eradication rate was 20% (8/40) in upper lid margin and 34.15% (14/41) in lower lid margin. These findings indicate that IPL shows great therapeutic potential for patients of MGD and ocular Demodex infestation.

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Correspondence to Yu-kan Huang.

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Conflict of Interest Statement

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81670824) and the Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province of China (No. 2016CFB421).

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Cheng, Sn., Jiang, Fg., Chen, H. et al. Intense Pulsed Light Therapy for Patients with Meibomian Gland Dysfunction and Ocular Demodex Infestation. CURR MED SCI 39, 800–809 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11596-019-2108-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11596-019-2108-1

Key words

  • intense pulsed light
  • meibomian gland dysfunction
  • Demodex