Effects of Municipal Sewage Sludge on Fixation of Cr, Ni, Cu, and Zn during Co-processing of Heavy Metal-containing Waste in Cement Kilns

  • Wei Liu (刘伟)
  • Haihua Cao
  • Jingcheng Xu (徐竟成)Email author
  • Jia Liu
  • Juwen Huang
  • Xiangfeng Huang
  • Guangming Li
Cementitious Materials


Cement raw meal with MSS and different heavy metals was blended to examine the fixation ratios, chemical species, and cement crystalline phases in clinkers. The results showed that blending MSS could decrease the fixation ratio of Cr, Ni, Cu, and Zn in the produced clinker by 5% to 25%. And Cr, Cu, and Zn were mainly incorporated into clinkers as metal silicates, Ni was mainly solubilized in MgO to form magnesium nickel oxides, and the transition phases were mainly metal aluminum oxides as indicated by X-ray diffraction. The reduction of fixation ratios was likely attributed to the presence of impure elements, such as sodium and phosphorus in MSS. In addition, high concentrations (eg, 1.7wt%) of chlorine in MSS led to metal chloride formation that could vaporize Cu, Cr, Ni, and Zn. To summarize, introducing MSS would decrease the fixation ratios of heavy metals due to the presence of impure elements, such as sodium and phosphorus and chlorine.

Key words

municipal sewage sludge heavy-metal fixation cement kiln co-processing 


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Copyright information

© Wuhan University of Technology and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Liu (刘伟)
    • 1
  • Haihua Cao
    • 1
  • Jingcheng Xu (徐竟成)
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jia Liu
    • 1
  • Juwen Huang
    • 1
  • Xiangfeng Huang
    • 1
  • Guangming Li
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, Key Laboratory of Yangtze River Water Environment of Education MinistryTongji UniversityShanghaiChina

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