Variation of earthquake ground motion with depth
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The variation of ground motion with depth is investigated in this paper, which is essential in determining the seismic design ground motion for embedded structures and pipelines. Firstly the earthquake ground motion on surface and in subsoil recorded by Hosokura Mine array of Japan and six California Strong Motion Instrumentation Program geotechnical arrays of the United States from about fifty moderate and strong earthquakes are described. Then the arrays were classified into three different categories according to their site conditions. Finally the variation law of ground and sub-ground motion with depth is established as a result of a nonlinear regression analysis of the above-mentioned data. Through comparing the features in different sites, it is concluded that, in general, the amplitude (acceleration, velocity and displacement) of ground motion are decreasing with depth and the attenuation rate is higher in the shallow strata than that in deeper ones.
Key wordsearthquake sub-ground motion amplitude ratio nonlinear regression analysis
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