Advertisement

Acta Seismologica Sinica

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 552–562 | Cite as

Segmentations of active normal dip-slip faults around ordos block according to their surface ruptures in historical strong earthquakes

  • Jiang Wa-li 
  • Xiao Zhen-min 
  • Xie Xin-sheng 
Article

Abstract

From the results of researches of active faults in resent years, a correlation analysis between segments of the faults according to surface ruptures in nine historical strong earthquakes occurring in downfaulted system and active structures around Ordos block is conducted in paper. The result shows that there is a good correlation between them, except few individual data that have more uncertain parameters. It shows that intensity and segments of surface ruptures in these strong earthquakes are intrinsically related with the active structures. These strong earthquakes produced stable and unstable rupture boundaries of characteristic-earthquake type and successive occurrence of strong earthquakes on the different boundary faults in the same tectonic unit.

Key words

surface rupture fault segmentation historical strong earthquakes normal dip-slip faults Ordos block 

CLC number

P315.2 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aki K. 1989. Geometric features of a fault zone related to the nucleation and termination of an earthquake rupture [J]. USGS Open-file Report, 89(315): 1–6.Google Scholar
  2. BIAN Ju-mei, HAN Heng-yue, SONG Hui-zhen, et al. 1993. Influence of strong earthquake from East Weihe basin to Linfen area [A]. In: MA Zong-jin chief-in-edit. Earthquake Research and Mitigation of Hazard in Linfen of Shanxi [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 474–487 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  3. CHENG Shao-ping, FANG Zhong-jing, YANG Gui-zhi, et al. 1995. On segmentation of the fault zone along the northern margin of Yanqing basin and earthquake prediction [J]. Seismology and Geology, 17(3): 231–252 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  4. CHENG Shao-ping, YANG Gui-zhi. 1996. Late Quaternary segmentation and segmented variations in tectonic geomorphology of southern marginal fault zone of Datong-Yangyuan basin [J]. Seismology and Geology, 18(4): 289–300 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  5. Crone A J, Haller K M. 1991. Segmentation and the coseismic behavior of Basin and Range normal faults: example from east-central Idaho and southwestern Montana [J]. J Struc Geol, 13(2): 151–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. DENG Qi-dong, Yonekura N Y, XU Xi-wei, et al. 1994. Study on the late Quaternary kinematics of the northern piedmont fault of the Liuleng Mt. [J]. Seismology and Geology, 16(4): 339–345 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  7. Department of Earthquake Disaster Prevention, State Seismological Bureau. 1995. Catalogue of Chinese Historical Strong Earthquake [M]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 1–513 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  8. Depolo C M, Clark D G, Slemmons D B, et al. 1991. Historical basin-and-range province surface faulting and fault segmentation [J]. J Struc Geol, 13(2): 123–136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. DING Guo-yu. 1990. The inhomogeneity of faulting in Holocene [J]. Earthquake Research in China, 6(1): 1–9 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  10. DING Guo-yu. 1992. Some discussions on fault segmentation [J]. Earthquake Research in China, 8(2): 1–10 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  11. DING Guo-yu, TIAN Qin-jian, KONG Fan-chen, et al. 1993. Segmentation of Active Fault [M]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 1–143 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  12. DOU Su-qin, YU Shen-e, LIU Guang-xun, et al. 1995. Geometric structure and activity of the Xizhoushan Mt. piedmont fault in Shanxi Province [A]. In: Editorial Board of Research on Active Fault, Institute of Geology of State Seismological Bureau eds. Research on Active Fault 4 [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 104–115 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  13. Editorial Board for Lithospheric Dynamics Atlas of China, State Seismological Bureau. 1989. Lithospheric Dynamics Atlas of China [M]. Beijing: China Cartographic Publishing House, 31, 43, 53 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  14. GAO Wei-ming, ZHENG Lang-sun. 1991. Active fault segmentation and the identification of potential seismic zones along the Tanlu fault [J]. Earthquake Research in China, 7(4): 87–91 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  15. GUAN Yuan-yi, NIE Zong-sheng. 1993. The inhomogeneity of tectonic activity of Quaternary fault system at northern foot of Huashan Mt. [A]. In: Institute of Crustal Dynamics, State Seismological Bureau ed. Crustal Tectonics and Crustal Stress 6 [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 86–97 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  16. Japan-China Cooperative Research Xi’an Group. 1992. Active faults in the Weihe basin and ground fissures in Xi’an City, Shaanxi Province, China [J]. Bull Earth Res Inst, Univ Tokyo, 7(Supp): 1–186 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  17. JIA Bao-qing, WU Lie. 1986. A discussion on the location of the earthquake (M=7.5) in northern Shanxi Province in 512 AD [J]. North China Earthquake Sciences, 4(1): 71–77 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  18. LI Ke, WU Wei-ming, YANG Fa, et al. 1994. Study on segmentation of the piedmont fault of Daqing Mt [A]. In: Committee of Seismo-Geology of Seismological Society of China ed. China Active Fault Research [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 102–113 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  19. LI Yong-shan, HE Ming-jing, HAN Heng-yue, et al. 1988. The 1556 Huaxian earthquake of M=8 in Shaanxi Province [A]. In: GUO Zeng-jian, MA Zong-jin chief-in-edits. Research on Destroyed Earthquakes in China [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 36–51 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  20. LIAO Yu-hua, SONG Fang-min. 1988. Pingluo earthquake in 1739 [A]. In: The Research Group on "Active Fault System around Ordos Massif", State Seismological Bureau ed. Active Fault System around Ordos Massif [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 225–232 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  21. LIU Guang-xun, YU Shen-e, ZHANG Shi-min, et al. 1991. The north Wutaishan piedmont active fault zone in Shanxi [A]. In: Editorial Board of Research on Active Fault eds. Research on Active Fault 1 [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 118–130 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  22. Machette M N, Personius S F, Nelson A R, et al. 1991. The Wasatch fault zone, Utah: segmentation and history of Holocene earthquakes [J]. J Struc Geol, 13(2): 137–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. MENG Xian-liang, YAN Feng-zhong, CHAO Zhong-quan, et al. 1988. Quaternary structures and faulting in Linfen basin [A]. In: The Research Group on "Active Fault System around Ordos Massif", State Seismological Bureau eds. Active Fault System around Ordos Massif [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 89–108 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  24. NIE Zong-sheng. 1988. Discussion on the earthquake in 849 [A]. In: The Research Group on "Active Fault System around Ordos Massif", State Seismological Bureau eds. Active Fault System around Ordos Massif [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 251–253 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  25. RAN Yong-kang, WANG Yi-peng. 1992. Tentative analysis of slip patterns and segment types of active faults [J]. Seismology and Geology, 14(3): 227–236 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  26. RAN Yong-kang, FANG Zhong-jing, LI Zhi-yi, et al. 1992. Paleoseismicity and segmentation along the active fault at the north boundary of Huailai-Zhuolu basin, Hebei Province [J]. Earthquake Research in China, 8(3): 74–85 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  27. Schwartz D P. 1989. Paleoseismicity, persistence of segments, and temporal clustering of large earthquakes — Example from the San Andreas, Wasatch, and Lost River Fault Zone [J]. USGS Open-file, 89(315): 361–373.Google Scholar
  28. SHEN Xu-hui, WANG Yi-peng. 1995. A discussion on the intensity distribution characteristics of 1626 Lingqiu earthquake and the earthquake-block structure [J]. North China Earthquake Sciences, 13(1): 9–16 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  29. SUN Jia-lin. 1985. Danger of occurring strong earthquake along north margin of Ordos Massif [J]. Northwestern Seismological Journal, 7(Suppl.): 13–23 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  30. TANG Rong-chang, HUANG Zu-zhi, WEN De-hua, et al. 1989. A tentative study on the segmentation of the recent motions along the Anninghe fault and its relationship with seismicity [J]. Journal of Seismological Research, 12(4): 337–347 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  31. The Compilation Committee of Local Annals in Shanxi Province. 1991. Shanxi Annals. Earthquake Annals. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company, 1–346 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  32. WANG Jing-ming. 1980. Surface ruptures during the large earthquake of 1556, Huaxian County, Shaanxi [J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica, 2(4): 430–437 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  33. WANG Ting-mei, ZHENG Bing-hua, LI Xin-yuan, et al. 1993. Study on seismotectonics of 1695 Linfen M=7 1/2 earthquake. In: MA Zong-jin chief-in-edit. Earthquake Research and Mitigation of Hazard in Linfen of Shanxi [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 172–198 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  34. WEN Xue-ze. 1993. Rupture segmentation and assessment of probabilities of seismic potential on the Xiaojiang fault zone [J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica, 6(4): 933–1 004.Google Scholar
  35. WEN Xue-ze. 1995. Quantitative Assessments of Seismic Potential on Active Faults [M]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 1–150 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  36. WEN Xue-ze, Allen C R, LUO Zhuo-li, et al. 1989. Segmentation and geometric features of Xianshuihe Holecene fault zone and their seismotectonic implications [J]. Acta Seismologica Sinica, 3(4): 437–452.Google Scholar
  37. Wesnousky S G. 1988. Seismological and structural evolution of strike-slip faults [J]. Nature, 335: 340–343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wesnousky S G. 1989. Seismicity and the structural evolution of strike-slip faults [J]. USGS Open File Report, 89(315): 409–425.Google Scholar
  39. WU Lie, QI Shu-qin, WANG Ru-peng. 1988. The 1303 Hongtong earthquake of M=8 and the 1695 Linfen earthquake of M=8 in Shanxi Province [A]. In: GUO Zeng-jian, MA Zong-jin chief-in-edits. China Special Large Earthquake Research [M]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 6–35 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  40. WU Wei-min, NIE Zong-sheng, XU Gui-lin, et al. 1996. Research on the active fault of western segment of the piedmont fault of Mt. Seerteng [A]. In: Editorial Board of Research on Active Fault ed. Research on Active Fault 5. Beijing: Seismological Press, 113–124 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  41. XIAO Zhen-min, JIANG Wa-li. 1998. Characteristics of surface rupture belts formed by historical and paleoearthquakes along the Shanxi fault depression zone [A]. In: Institute of Crustal Dynamics, China Seismological Bureau eds. Crustal Tectonics and Crustal Stress 11 [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 1–12 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  42. XU Xi-wei, DENG Qi-dong. 1993. Seismo-tectonic of 1303 Hongtong earthquake [A]. In: MA Zong-jin chief-in-edit. Earthquake Research and Mitigation of Hazard in Linfen of Shanxi [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 149–158 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  43. XU Xi-wei, DENG Qi-dong, YOU Hui-chuan. 1986. Evidence on dextral dislocation of fault at the western foothills of Mt. Xizhoushan, Shanxi Province and its slip rate during the Holocene [J]. Seismology and Geology, 8(3): 44–46 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  44. XU Xi-wei, Yonekula N Y, Suzuki Y H, et al. 1996. Geomorphic study on Late Quaternary irregular faulting along the northern piedmont of Liulengshan Range, Shanxi Province, China [J]. Seismology and Geology, 18(2): 169–181 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  45. YAO Guo-gan, JIANG Lai-yun, YU Xue-ming. 1984. Investigation on the Zhaocheng, Shanxi, earthquake (M=8) and its parameters concerned [J]. Journal of Seismological Research, 7(3): 313–326 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  46. YAN Feng-zhong, CAO Zhong-quan. 1988. Linfen earthquake in 1695 [A]. In: The Research Group on "Active fault System around Ordos Massif", State Seismological Bureau eds. Active Fault System around Ordos Massif [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 242–246 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  47. ZHANG An-liang. 1988. Piedmont fault zone of Huashan Mt [A]. In: The Research Group on "Active fault system around Ordos Massif", State Seismological Bureau eds. Active Fault System around Ordos Massif [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 124–130 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  48. ZHANG An-liang, MI Feng-shou, CHONG Jin. 1989. Deformation relics of the 1556 Huaxian (Shaanxi, China) great earthquake and the study of paleoseismicity on the frontal fault zone of the Huashan Mt [C]. Seismology and Geology, 11(3): 73–81 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  49. ZHANG An-liang, CHONG Jin, MI Feng-shou, et al. 1991. Study on the activity and paleoearthquakes in the fault zone along the northern margin of Qingling in Late Quaternary [A]. In: Editorial Board of Research on Active Fault eds. Research on Active Fault 1 [C]. Beijing: Seismological Press, 105–117 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  50. ZHANG Pei-zhen, Slemmons D B, MAO Feng-ying. 1991. Geometric pattern, rupture termination and fault segmentation of Dixie Valley-Pleasant Valley active fault system, Nevada, U.S.A. [J]. J Sruc Geol, 13(2): 165–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Acta Seismologica Sinica 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiang Wa-li 
    • 1
  • Xiao Zhen-min 
    • 1
  • Xie Xin-sheng 
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Crustal DynamicsChina Seismological BureauBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations