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Preparation and characterization of biopolymer K-carrageenan with MgCl2 and its application to electrochemical devices

  • P. Sangeetha
  • T. M. Selvakumari
  • S. SelvasekarapandianEmail author
  • S. R. Srikumar
  • R. Manjuladevi
  • M. Mahalakshmi
Original Paper


Biopolymer electrolyte K-carrageenan with magnesium chloride (MgCl2) has been prepared by solution casting method. The amorphous nature of biopolymer is enhanced by the addition of MgCl2 salt, as revealed by XRD. FTIR spectra confirmed the complexation of K-carrageenan polymer with MgCl2. DSC technique is used to measure Tg of the membrane. The conductivity analysis shows that the1 g of K-carrageenan:0.6 M wt% of MgCl2 exhibits maximum ionic conductivity of 4.76 × 10−3 S cm−1 at room temperature. Mg2+ ion’s movement is confirmed by transference number measurement. The electrochemical stability of the electrolyte has been studied by linear sweep voltammogram (LSV). A primary magnesium battery is fabricated, and its discharge characteristics are studied.


K-carrageenan XRD FTIR DSC AC impedance Magnesium battery 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Sangeetha
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. M. Selvakumari
    • 2
  • S. Selvasekarapandian
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • S. R. Srikumar
    • 4
  • R. Manjuladevi
    • 5
  • M. Mahalakshmi
    • 6
  1. 1.Materials Research CentreCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Arulmigu Palani Andavar Arts College for WomenPalaniIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsBharathiyar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsKalasalingam Academy of Research and EducationSrivilliputhurIndia
  5. 5.Department of PhysicsPSG College of Arts and ScienceCoimbatoreIndia
  6. 6.Sri Meenakshi Govt. Arts College for WomenMaduraiIndia

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