Ionics

pp 1–12 | Cite as

A highly sensitive electrochemical sensor for bisphenol A using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide functionalized carbon nanohorn modified electrode

Original Paper
  • 4 Downloads

Abstract

A highly sensitive electrochemical bisphenol A (BPA) sensor was developed based on cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) functionalized carbon nanohorn (CNH) modified electrode. CNH was carboxylated and could well disperse in water, and CNH-modified electrode showed enhanced electron transfer and high conductivity. Carboxylic CNH was functionalized with a cationic surfactant (CTAB) via the electrostatic interaction. CTAB functionalized CNH (CTAB-CNH) suspension was dropped onto glassy carbon electrode (GCE) to fabricate CTAB-CNH/GCE. Combined with preconcentration of BPA in the long alkane chain of CTAB via hydrophobic interaction and electrocatalytic activity of CNH, CTAB-CNH/GCE had high electrochemical response toward the oxidation of BPA, and an electrochemical BPA sensor was constructed on CTAB-CNH/GCE using differential pulse voltammetry. Under optimal experimental conditions, the designed sensor exhibited a wide linear response to BPA ranging from 0.01 to 30 μmol/L with a low detection limit of 5.6 nmol/L at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3. The proposed sensor has good reproducibility, reusability, and anti-interference properties, and was successfully applied to detect BPA in real samples with satisfactory results. This convenient and sensitive sensor could be readily extended toward monitoring other small toxic or harmful molecules in food and environment samples.

Keywords

Electrochemical sensor Electrochemical oxidation Bisphenol A Carbon nanohorn Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide 

References

  1. 1.
    Ballesteros-Gómez A, Rubio S, Pérez-Bendito D (2009) Analytical methods for the determination of bisphenol A in food. J Chromatogr A 1216:449–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Staples CA, Dorn PB, Klecka GM, O’Block S T, Harris LR (1998) A review of the environmental fate, effects, and exposures of biophenal A. Chemosphere 36:2149–2173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vandenberg L N, Maffini M V, Sonnenschein C, Rubin B S, Soto A M (2009) Bisphenol-A and the great divide: a review of controversies in the field of endocrine disruption. Endocr Rev 30:75–95Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hengstler JG, Foth H, Gebel T, Kramer PJ, Lilienblum W, Schweinfurth H, Volkel W, Wollin KM, Gundert-Remy U (2011) Critical evaluation of key evidence on the human health hazards of exposure to bisphenol A. Crit Rev Toxicol 41:263–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) (2015) Scientific opinion on the risks to public health related to the presence of bisphenol A (BPA) in foodstuffs: executive summary. EFSA J 13:(1)3978, 23.  https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2015.3978
  6. 6.
    Alonso-Magdalena P, Ropero AB, Soriano S, Quesada I, Nadal A (2010) Bisphenol-A: a new diabetogenic factor? Horm. Int. J. Endocrinol Metab 9:118–126Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu GL, Chen Z, Jiang XY, Feng DQ, Zhao JY, Fan DH, Wang W (2016) In-situ hydrothermal synthesis of molecularly imprinted polymerscoated carbon dots for fluorescent detection of bisphenol A. Sensors Actuators B Chem 228:302–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Qi LL, Wang YH, Li YJ, Zheng GX, Li CP, Su HZ (2015) Microfluidic aqueous two-phase extraction of bisphenol A using ionic liquid for high-performance liquid chromatography analysis. Anal Bioanal Chem 407(13):3617–3625.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-015-8572-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhang ZL, Rhind SM, Kerr C, Osprey M, Kyle CE (2011) Selective pressurized liquid extraction of estrogenic compounds in soil and analysis by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry. Anal Chim Acta 685:29–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Alsudir S, Iqbal Z, Lai EPC (2012) Competitive CE-UV binding tests for selective recognition of bisphenol A by molecularly imprinted polymer particles. Electrophoresis 33:1255–1262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Maiolini E, Ferri E, Pitasi AL, Montoya A, Di GM, Errani E, Girotti S (2014) Bisphenol A determination in baby bottles by chemiluminescence enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, lateral flow immunoassay and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Analyst 139(1):318–324.  https://doi.org/10.1039/C3AN00552F CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wang JY, Su YL, Wu BH, Cheng SH (2016) Reusable electrochemical sensor for bisphenol A based on ionic liquid functionalized conducting polymer platform. Talanta 147:103–110.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2015.09.035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Nikahd B, Khalilzadeh MA (2016) Liquid phase determination of bisphenol A in food samples using novel nanostructure ionic liquid modified sensor. J Mol Liq 215:253–257.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2015.12.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhan TR, Song Y, Tan ZW, Hou WG (2017) Electrochemical bisphenol A sensor based on exfoliated Ni2Al-layereddouble hydroxide nanosheets modified electrode. Sensors Actuators B Chem 238:962–971.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2016.07.151 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Baig N, Sajid M (2017) Applications of layered double hydroxides based electrochemical sensors for determination of environmental pollutants: a review. Trends Environ Anal Chem 16:1–5.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.teac.2017.10.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Yan XP, Zhou CQ, Yan Y, Zhou Y (2015) A simple and renewable nanoporous gold-based electrochemical sensor for bisphenol A detection. Electroanalysis 27(12):2718–2724.  https://doi.org/10.1002/elan.201500349 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Zhou YZ, Yang LH, Li SH, Dang Y (2017) A novel electrochemical sensor for highly sensitive detection of bisphenol A based on the hydrothermal synthesized Na-doped WO3 nanorods. Sensors Actuators B Chem 245:238–246.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2017.01.034 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Su BY, Shao HL, Li N, Chen XM, Cai ZX, Chen X (2017) A sensitive bisphenol A voltammetric sensor relying on AuPd nanoparticles/graphene composites modified glassy carbon electrode. Talanta 166:126–132.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2017.01.049 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang W, Yang X, Gu YX, Ding CF, Wan J (2015) Preparation and properties of bisphenol A sensor based on multiwalled carbon nanotubes/Li4Ti5O12-modified electrode. Ionics 21(3):885–893.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-014-1217-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Shi RG, Liang J, Zhao ZS, Liu AF, Tian Y (2017) An electrochemical bisphenol A sensor based on one step electrochemical reduction of cuprous oxide wrapped graphene oxide nanoparticles modified electrode. Talanta 169:37–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li HY, Wang W, Lv Q, Xi GC, Bai H, Zhang Q (2016) Disposable paper-based electrochemical sensor based on stacked gold nanoparticles supported carbon nanotubes for the determination of bisphenol A. Electrochem Commun 68:104–107.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.elecom.2016.05.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mizuguchi H, Sasaki K, Ichinose H, Seino S, Sakurai J, Iiyama M, Kijima T, Tachibana K, Nishina T, Takayanagi T, Shida J (2017) A triple-electrode based dual-biosensor system utilizing track-etched microporous membrane electrodes for the simultaneous determination of L-lactate and D-glucose. Bull Chem Soc Jpn 90:1211–1216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Liang ZX, Zhai HY, Chen ZG, Wang SQ, Wang HH, Wang SM (2017) A sensitive electrochemical sensor for flavonoids based on amulti-walled carbon paste electrode modified by cetyltrimethylammonium bromide-carboxylic multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Sensors Actuators B Chem 244:897–906.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2016.12.108 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zhu GB, Gai PB, Yang Y, Zhang XH, Chen JH (2012) Electrochemical sensor for naphthols based on gold nanoparticles/hollow nitrogen-doped carbon microsphere hybrids functionalized with SH-β-cyclodextrin. Anal Chim Acta 723:33–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zhang X, Wu L, Zhou JW, Zhang XH, Chen JH (2015) A new ratiometric electrochemical sensor for sensitive detection of bisphenol A based on poly-β-cyclodextrin/electroreduced graphene modified glassy carbon electrode. J Electroanal Chem 742:97–103.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2015.02.006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bollella P, Fusco G, Tortolini C, Sanzò G, Favero G, Gorton L, Antiochia R (2017) Beyond graphene: electrochemical sensors and biosensors for biomarkers detection. Biosens Bioelectron 89:152–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zhang RZ, Chen W (2017) Recent advances in graphene-based nanomaterials for fabricating electrochemical hydrogen peroxide sensors. Biosens Bioelectron 89(Pt 1):249–268.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2016.01.080 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Khan AH, Ghosh S, Pradhan B, Dalui A, Shrestha LK, Acharya S, Ariga K (2017) Two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials towards electrochemical nanoarchitectonics in energy-related applications. Bull Chem Soc Jpn 90:627–648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Nakamura M, Tahara Y, Fukata S, Zhang MF, Yang M, Iijima S, Yudasaka M (2017) Significance of optimization of phospholipid poly(ethylene glycol) quantity for coating carbon nanohorns to achieve low cytotoxicity. Bull Chem Soc Jpn 90:662–666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Urita KM, Seki S, Utsumi S, Noguchi D, Kanoh H, Tanaka H, Hattori Y, Ochiai Y, Aoki N, Yudasaka M, Iijima S, Kaneko K (2006) Effects of gas adsorption on the electrical conductivity of single-wall carbon nanohorns. Nano Lett 6(7):1325–1328.  https://doi.org/10.1021/nl060120q CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bracamonte MV, Melchionna M, Giuliani A, Nasi L, Tavagnacco C, Prato M, Fornasiero P (2016) H2O2 sensing enhancement by mutual integration of single walled carbon nanohorns with metal oxide catalysts: the CeO2 case. Sensors Actuators B Chem 239:923–932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Tu WW, Lei JP, Ding L, Ju HX (2009) Sandwich nanohybrid of single-walled carbon nanohorns–TiO2–porphyrin for electrocatalysis and amperometric biosensing towards chloramphenicol. Chem Comm 28:4227–4229.  https://doi.org/10.1039/b906876g CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Zhao CR, Wu J, Ju HX, Yan F (2014) Multiplexed electrochemical immunoassay using streptavidin/nanogold/carbon nanohorn as a signal tag to induce silver deposition. Anal Chim Acta 847:37–43.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2014.07.035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Zhang J, Lei JP, Xu CL, Ding L, Ju HX (2010) Carbon nanohorn sensitized electrochemical immunosensor for rapid detection of microcystin-LR. Anal Chem 82(3):1117–1122.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ac902914r CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Zhang J, Song XH, Xiong ZB, Dong HF, Wang WC, Chen ZD (2017) Nanogold/Bi2S3 nanorods catalyzed silver deposition for carbon nanohorns-enhanced electrochemical immunosensing of Escherichia coli O157:H7. J Electrochem Soc 164:H1–H7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Deng P, Xu Z, Feng Y (2012) Highly sensitive and simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid and rutin at an acetylene black paste electrode coated with cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide film. J Electroanal Chem 683:47–54.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2012.08.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Goyal RN, Bishnoi S (2010) Effect of single walled carbon nanotube–cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide nanocomposite film modified pyrolytic graphite on the determination of betamethasone in human. Colloid Surf. B: Biointerfaces 77(2):200–205.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2010.01.024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Zhou SH, Wei DL, Shi HY, Feng X, Xue KW, Zhang F, Song WB (2013) Sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate functionalized graphene for confined electrochemical growth of metal/oxide nanocomposites for sensing application. Talanta 107:349–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zhang J, Ma S, Wang WC, Chen ZD (2016) Electrochemical sensing of bisphenol A by a didodecyldimethylammonium bromide-modified expanded graphite paste electrode. J AOAC Int 99(4):1066–1072.  https://doi.org/10.5740/jaoacint.16-0072 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Zhang J, Song XH, Ma S, Wang X, Wang WC, Chen ZD (2017) A novel sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate modified expanded graphite paste electrode for sensitive and selective determination of dopamine in the presence of ascorbic acid and uric acid. J Electroanal Chem 795:10–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2017.04.035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Rezaee M, Yamini Y, Shariati EA, Shamsipur M (2009) Dispersive liquid–liquid microextraction combined with high-performance liquid chromatography-UV detection as a very simple, rapid and sensitive method for the determination of bisphenol A in water samples. J Chromatogr A 1216:1511–1514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Li YG, Gao Y, Cao Y, Li HM (2012) Electrochemical sensor for bisphenol A determination based on MWCNT/melamine complex modified GCE. Sensors Actuators B Chem 171–172:726–733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Zhou WS, Sun C, Zhou YB, Yang XD, Yang WB (2014) A facial electrochemical approach to determinate bisphenol A based on graphene-hypercrosslinked resin MN202 composite. Food Chem 158:81–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Laviron E (1974) Adsorption, autoinhibition and autocatalysis in polarography and in linear potential sweep voltammetry. Electroanal Chem Interracial Electrochem 52(3):355–393.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0728(74)80448-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Petrochemical Engineering, School of Food Science and TechnologyChangzhou UniversityChangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Photovoltaic Science and EngineeringChangzhou UniversityChangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations