Ionics

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 1173–1180 | Cite as

Synthesis and characterization of cross-linked quaternized chitosan/poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) blend anion-exchange membranes

Original Paper
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Abstract

Novel alkaline anion-exchange membranes composed of quaternized chitosan and poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) were prepared by a combined thermal and chemical cross-linking technique. The hydroxide conductivity (σ), water uptake (WU), ion exchange capacity (IEC), thermal stability, mechanical property, alkaline stability of HTCC/PDDA-OH membranes were measured to evaluate their applicability in alkaline fuel cells. FTIR, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were also used to investigate the relation between the inner structure and performance of the blend membranes. The HTCC/PDDA-OH membranes show a high OH conductivity up to 37.9 mS cm−1 at 80 °C (1:0.5 by mass). By cross-linking modification, the membranes exhibit excellent thermal stability with onset degradation temperature above 200 °C and good alkaline resistance in 8M KOH solution at 80 °C, decreasing slightly for hydroxide conductivity during 350 h. Meanwhile, the membranes show outstanding mechanical properties, the maximum tensile strength can reach 25.31 MPa and elongation at break is 6.58%.

Keywords

Quaternized chitosan Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) Combined cross-linking Anion-exchange membrane Fuel cells 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The present work has been financially supported by the China Scholarship Council (CSC) under project no. 201506955014.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuan Yuan
    • 1
  • Chunhui Shen
    • 1
  • Jiqin Chen
    • 1
  • Xuechao Ren
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina

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