Ionics

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 1083–1095 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of blend polymer electrolyte film based on poly(vinyl alcohol)-poly(acrylonitrile)/MgCl2 for energy storage devices

  • R. Manjuladevi
  • M. Thamilselvan
  • S. Selvasekarapandian
  • P. Christopher Selvin
  • R. Mangalam
  • S. Monisha
Original Paper

Abstract

The development of magnesium electrolytes for battery applications has been the demand for electrochemical devices. To meet such demand, in this work solid blend polymer electrolytes were prepared using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) (92.5PVA:7.5PAN) as host polymer, magnesium chloride (MgCl2) of different molar mass percentage (m.m.%) (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6%) as salt and dimethylformamide (DMF) as solvent. Structural, vibrational, thermal, electrical, and electrochemical properties of the prepared electrolytes were investigated using different techniques such as X-ray diffraction pattern, FTIR spectroscopy analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), AC impedance measurement, and transference number measurement. X-ray diffraction studies confirm the minimum volume fraction of crystalline phase for the polymer electrolyte with 0.5 m.m.% of MgCl2. FTIR confirms the complex formation between host polymer and salt. DSC analysis proves the thermal transition of the prepared films are affected by salt concentration. The optimized material with 0.5 m.m.% of MgCl2 offers a maximum electrical conductivity of 1.01 × 10−3 S cm−1 at room temperature. The Mg2+ ion conduction in the blend polymer electrolyte is confirmed from transference number measurement. Electrochemical analysis demonstrates the promising characteristic of these polymer films suitable as electrolytes for primary magnesium batteries. Output potential and discharge characteristics have been analyzed for primary magnesium battery which is constructed using optimized conducting electrolyte.

Keywords

Blend polymer electrolyte Polyacrylonitrile Magnesium chloride Ionic conductivity Primary magnesium battery 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Manjuladevi
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Thamilselvan
    • 3
  • S. Selvasekarapandian
    • 2
    • 4
  • P. Christopher Selvin
    • 4
  • R. Mangalam
    • 5
  • S. Monisha
    • 2
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsSNS College of EngineeringCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.Materials Research CenterCoimbatoreIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsThanthai Periyar Government Institute of TechnologyVelloreIndia
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsBharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  5. 5.Department of PhysicsPSG Institute of Technology and Applied ResearchCoimbatoreIndia
  6. 6.Department of PhysicsN.M.S.S. Vellaichamy Nadar CollegeMaduraiIndia

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