The carbon fiber (CF) is frequently preferred because it is considered as a multifunctional lightweight composite, where the CF is not only acted as one completely integrated part of the device with high-performance structural reinforcement, but also served as one of the battery electrode to storage energy. However, the limitation of electrochemical capacity of commercial CFs for the structural lithium-ion battery (SLIB) is an urgent issue should be solved. Therefore, in this work, a novel strategy to fabricate CF@SnO2 composite is developed by employing one-step tin tetrachloride solvothermal method. The performance of the CFs could be improved by growing the stannic oxide firmly on each CF to form a synergetic electrode. When tested as anode materials, a high reversible capacity of 510 mAh g−1 at a current density of 100 mAh g−1 is maintained without obvious decay up to 150 cycles (a huge increase as high as 637.5% than that of the pure CFs). Furthermore, our strategy reveals an attainable route, which could be as a promising way to make a sustainable anode for SLIBs and carbon-based multi-functional composite for other practical applications.
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This project was supported by University Nursing Program for Young Scholars with Creative Talents in Heilongjiang Province (UNPYSCT-2015114), the Creative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 21521092), the National Science Foundation of China (Project No. 51475207), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2015m580253), and the Postdoctoral Foundation of Jilin Province.
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