Ionics

, Volume 23, Issue 12, pp 3571–3579 | Cite as

Facile fabrication of selenium (Se) nanowires for enhanced lithium storage in Li-Se battery

Original Paper

Abstract

A cost-effective facile approach has been developed to prepare Se nanowires in anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) nanochannels by a mechanical injection method, which enables injection of molten Se into the AAO template to form nanowires during solidification. The as-synthesized Se nanowires display well crystallized as a single phase with a hexagonal structure. In addition, thermal stability and electrochemical properties of Se nanowires were presented and discussed in detail. It was found that the Se nanowires used as a cathode material of Li-Se battery displayed enhanced chemical reaction processes with lithium ions, with a higher storage capacity of 1425.6 mAh g−1 compared with the capacity of bulk Se cathode with 454 mAh g−1 at a current density of 150 mA g−1. The current method of synthesizing nanowires is feasible for other pure elements and their compounds with relatively lower melting points (<650 °C).

Keywords

Anodic aluminum oxide Mechanical injection Selenium nanowires Lithium battery 

Supplementary material

11581_2017_2164_MOESM1_ESM.docx (13 kb)
Table S1(DOCX 12 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Lab of Green Processing and Functional Textiles of New Textile Materials Ministry of Education, College of Material Science and EngineeringWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and PhysicsFayetteville State UniversityFayettevilleUSA

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