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Facile synthesis of phase-pure Sb8O11Cl2 microrods as anode materials for sodium-ion batteries with high capacity

Abstract

Antimony oxychloride (Sb8O11Cl2) microrods with the diameter of about 100 nm are synthesized by a facial solvothermal reaction. And the material of Sb8O11Cl2 is applied as an anode material for sodium-ion batteries for the first time. It can deliver 723.4, 500.6, and 425.5 mA h g−1 after 20 cycles under current densities of 10, 30, and 50 mA g−1, respectively. Besides, the rate performance is also surprising (specific capacities of 517.4, 411.6, 247.8, and 191.2 mA h g−1 are achieved at the current densities of 30, 50, 100, and 200 mA g−1, respectively). Furthermore, the Sb8O11Cl2 electrode is of two very appropriate discharge plateaus (0.4 and 1.3 V) during sodiation/desodiation process, which is very critical for the long-term development of the sodium-ion batteries. In this work, a novel electrode material is presented, and it will encourage more researchers to explore Sb8O11Cl2 deeply due to its outstanding capacity and reversible performance.

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Acknowledgments

The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 51204058) and the open project in Key Lab Adv. Energy Mat. Chem. (Nankai University).

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Correspondence to Hailong Fei.

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Lin, Y., Feng, W., Li, Z. et al. Facile synthesis of phase-pure Sb8O11Cl2 microrods as anode materials for sodium-ion batteries with high capacity. Ionics 23, 3197–3202 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-017-2107-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-017-2107-9

Keywords

  • Sb8O11Cl2
  • Microrods
  • Anode material
  • Sodium-ion batteries