, Volume 23, Issue 8, pp 2167–2174 | Cite as

Improvement of the Ir/IrO2 pH electrode via hydrothermal treatment

  • Dandan Wang
  • Chi Yang
  • Jinfeng Xia
  • Zhenhai Xue
  • Danyu Jiang
  • Guohong Zhou
  • Xiaohong Zheng
  • Huiping Zheng
  • Yuansheng Du
  • Qiang LiEmail author
Original Paper


Several Ir/IrO2 pH electrodes were prepared by a cyclic thermal oxidation process via dip-coating in a concentrated solution of NaOH. A hydrothermal hydration treatment at 220 °C for 24 h was used to address the problematic potential drift that is common in Ir/IrO2 pH electrodes. The electrodes that were treated by the hydrothermal method exhibited good stability and high sensitivity compared to those that were hydrated at room temperature. The reasons for this improvement were investigated by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The results suggested that the hydrothermally treated electrode had a more orderly crystal arrangement and a higher content of OH groups, which drove improvements in the performance of electrode by modification of the Ir/IrO2 structure. The relationship between the electrode structure and performance was investigated and discussed in detail herein.


Ir/IrO2 electrodes Hydrothermal hydration Improvement Stability Potential drift 



The author would like to thank the Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Inorganic Materials Analysis and Testing Center for supporting this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

This work did not impact on any human or animal rights.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dandan Wang
    • 1
  • Chi Yang
    • 2
  • Jinfeng Xia
    • 3
  • Zhenhai Xue
    • 4
  • Danyu Jiang
    • 3
  • Guohong Zhou
    • 2
  • Xiaohong Zheng
    • 1
  • Huiping Zheng
    • 1
  • Yuansheng Du
    • 1
  • Qiang Li
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.East China Normal UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Beijing Institute of Space Long March VehicleBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Shanghai Institute of CeramicsChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Shanghai Institute of TechnologyShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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