, Volume 21, Issue 7, pp 1801–1812 | Cite as

Lithium metal borate (LiMBO3) family of insertion materials for Li-ion batteries: a sneak peak

  • Prabeer BarpandaEmail author
  • Debasmita Dwibedi
  • Swatilekha Ghosh
  • Yongho Kee
  • Shigeto Okada


Rechargeable lithium-ion battery remains the leading electrochemical energy-storage device, albeit demanding steady effort of design and development of superior cathode materials. Polyanionic framework compounds are widely explored in search for such cathode contenders. Here, lithium metal borate (LiMBO3) forms a unique class of insertion materials having the lowest weight polyanion (i.e., BO3 3−), thus offering the highest possible theoretical capacity (ca. 220 mAh/g). Since the first report in 2001, LiMBO3 has rather slow progress in comparison to other polyanionic cathode systems based on PO4, SO4, and SiO4. The current review gives a sneak peak to the progress on LiMBO3 cathode systems in the last 15 years highlighting their salient features and impediments in cathode implementation. The synthesis and structural aspects of borate family are described along with the critical analysis of the electrochemical performance of borate family of insertion materials.


Li-ion battery Polyanion Borate LiMBO3 Polymorphism Capacity 



We are grateful to the Department of Science and Technology (Govt. of India) for financial support under the Indo-Israel S&T cooperation project (DST/INT/ISR/P-10/2014). DD and SG thank Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and University Grant Commission (UGC), respectively, for fellowship support at the Indian Institute of Science. PB thanks Department of Atomic Energy for a DAE-BRNS Young Scientist Fellowship support.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prabeer Barpanda
    • 1
    Email author
  • Debasmita Dwibedi
    • 1
  • Swatilekha Ghosh
    • 1
  • Yongho Kee
    • 2
  • Shigeto Okada
    • 2
  1. 1.Faraday Materials Laboratory, Materials Research Centre (MRC)Indian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Institute for Materials Chemistry and Engineering (IMCE)Kyushu UniversityKasugaJapan

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