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XRD, impedance, and Mössbauer spectroscopy study of the Li3Fe2(PO4)3 + Fe2O3 composite for Li ion batteries

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The synthesis procedure of the Li3Fe2(PO4)3 + Fe2O3 composite is presented. The monoclinic (A type) and hematite phases were detected by X-ray diffraction after the synthesis of the composite. The structural α–β (at a temperature of 460 K) and β–γ (at a temperature of 523 K) phase transitions in the composite were indicated by the anomalies of the electrical conductivity, dielectric permittivity, and changes of activation energies of conductivity. Two phase transitions have been detected in the Li3Fe2(PO4)3 + Fe2O3 composite by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy: the phase transition in Li3Fe2(PO4)3 from the paramagnetic to antiferromagnetic phase at temperature T N = 29.5 K and the Morin phase transition in Fe2O3 at temperature T M = 235 K.

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This work was supported by the Research Council of Lithuania (Project No. TAP LLT 03/2012) and Research cooperation project of Latvian Council of Sciences (N666/2014).

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Correspondence to V. Venckutė.

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Orliukas, A.F., Kazakevičius, E., Reklaitis, J. et al. XRD, impedance, and Mössbauer spectroscopy study of the Li3Fe2(PO4)3 + Fe2O3 composite for Li ion batteries. Ionics 21, 2127–2136 (2015).

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