, Volume 19, Issue 12, pp 1915–1920 | Cite as

Effect of In3+ ions on the electrochemical performance of the positive electrolyte for vanadium redox flow batteries

  • Zhangxing He
  • Lei Chen
  • Yaoyi He
  • Chen Chen
  • Yifan Jiang
  • Zhen He
  • Suqin Liu
Original Paper


Influence of In3+ ions on electrochemical performance of positive electrolyte for vanadium redox flow battery was investigated in this paper. The electrochemical activity and kinetics of V(IV)/V(V) redox couple can be enhanced by the addition of In3+ ions, and the optimal concentration of In3+ ions was found at 10 mM. At this condition, the oxidation peak current with 10 mM In3+ ions is 46.6 mA at a scan rate of 20 mV s−1, larger than that of pristine electrolyte (41.8 mA), and the standard rate constant is 6.53 × 10−5 cm s−1, 42 % larger than that of the pristine electrolyte (4.58 × 10−5 cm s−1). The cell using electrolyte with 10 mM In3+ ions was assembled, and the charge–discharge performance was evaluated, and the average energy efficiency increases by 1.9 % compared with the pristine cell. The improved electrochemical performance may be ascribed to that In3+ ions change the hydration state of vanadium ions in electrolyte and promote charge transfer process.


Additive In3+ ions Electrochemical activity Kinetics Vanadium redox flow batteries 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhangxing He
    • 1
  • Lei Chen
    • 1
  • Yaoyi He
    • 1
  • Chen Chen
    • 1
  • Yifan Jiang
    • 1
  • Zhen He
    • 1
  • Suqin Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Resources Chemistry of Nonferrous Metals, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaChina

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