Management International Review

, Volume 58, Issue 2, pp 251–280 | Cite as

Interactions Among Factors Driving and Inhibiting the Early Internationalization of Small, Young Technology Enterprises

  • Gongming Qian
  • Lee Li
  • Zhengming Qian
Research Article


This study traces the early, rapid internationalization of small, young technology enterprises (SYTEs) to the interaction between industry dynamism and resource constraints. The evidence collected in this study shows that industry dynamism drives the speed of the internationalization and resource constraints inhibit it. Niche and strategic alliance strategies are found to mediate or moderate the relationships among resource constraints, industry dynamism and the speed. These mechanisms have important managerial implications.


Resource constraints Industry dynamism Niche operation Strategic alliances Early internationalization SYTEs 



Funding was provided by Chinese University of Hong Kong (Grant no. 3132638).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management, Business SchoolThe Chinese University of Hong KongSha TinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.York UniversityTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Xiamen UniversityXiamenPeople’s Republic of China

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