Management International Review

, Volume 51, Issue 6, pp 897–919

Global Mobility in the 21st Century

Conceptualising Expatriate Return on Investment in Global Firms
Focused Issue: 50 Years of MIR

DOI: 10.1007/s11575-011-0104-1

Cite this article as:
McNulty, Y. & De Cieri, H. Manag Int Rev (2011) 51: 897. doi:10.1007/s11575-011-0104-1


  • This article develops a conceptual framework to assist in determining the value to be gained from long-term international assignments.

  • By integrating several streams of research, we present a new framework of expatriate return on investment (ROI) for global firms, which both builds on frameworks offered by other scholars and is informed by recent developments and emerging directions in global mobility research and practice. In doing so, we identify relevant questions to guide future research and draw implications of the framework for theory, research, and practice.


Expatriate ROI Global mobility International assignments Global staffing 

Copyright information

© Gabler Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ManagementMonash UniversityCaulfield EastAustralia

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