Alesina, A., & Dollar, D. (2000). Who gives aid to whom and why? Journal of Economic Growth, 5(1), 33–63.
Anna, C. (2021). Africa’s COVID-19 envoy blasts EU, COVAX over vaccine crisis. Washington Post. July 1. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/africas-covid-19-envoy-blasts-eu-covax-over-vaccine-crisis/2021/07/01/82ca7054-da58-11eb-8c87-ad6f27918c78_story.html
Annen, K., & Strickland, S. (2017). Global Samaritans? Donor election cycles and the allocation of humanitarian aid. European Economic Review, 96, 38–47.
Bechtel, M. M., & Ziegler, J. (2019). Foreign policy interests and international disaster assistance. SSRN Working Paper #3472528.
Bermeo, S. B. (2018). Targeted development: Industrialized country strategy in a globalizing world. Oxford University Press.
Blomberg, S. B., Hess, G. D., & Weerapana, A. (2004). Economic conditions and terrorism. European Journal of Political Economy, 20(2), 463–478.
Bollyky, T. J., & Bown, C. P. (2020). The tragedy of vaccine nationalism: Global cooperation on vaccine allocation would be the most efficient way to disrupt the spread of the virus. Foreign Affairs July 27, 2020. https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2020-07-27/vaccine-nationalism-pandemic
Brecher, R. A., & Bhagwati, J. N. (1982). Immiserizing transfers from abroad. Journal of International Economics, 13(3–4), 353–364.
Bretton Woods Project. (2020). The IMF and World Bank-led Covid-19 recovery: ‘Building back better’ or locking in broken policies? Bretton Woods Observer, Summer 2020, 1–2.
Cameron, A. C., & Trivedi, P. K. (2005). Microeconometrics: Methods and applications. Cambridge University Press.
Clark, R., & Dolan, L. (2021). Pleasing the principal: U.S. influence in World Bank policymaking. American Journal of Political Science, 65(1), 36–51.
Collier, P., & Dollar, D. (2002). Aid allocation and poverty reduction. European Economic Review, 46(8), 1475–1500.
Deaton, A. (2010). Instruments, randomization, and learning about development. Journal of Economic Literature, 48(2), 424–455.
Dimakou, O., Romero, M. J., & Van Waeyenberge, E. (2021). Never let a pandemic go to waste: Turbocharging the private sector for development at the World Bank. Canadian Journal of Development Studies, 42(1–2), 221–237.
Dong, E., Du, H., & Gardner, L. (2020). An interactive web-based dashboard to track COVID-19 in real time. Lancet Infectious Disease, 20(5), 533–534. https://github.com/CSSEGISandData/COVID-19/tree/master/csse_covid_19_data/csse_covid_19_daily_reports
Doshi, R., Kelley, J., & Simmons, B. (2019). The power of ranking: The Ease of Doing Business indicator and global regulatory behavior. International Organization, 73(3), 611–643.
Doucouliagos, H., & Paldam, M. (2008). Aid effectiveness on growth: A meta study. European Journal of Political Economy, 24(1), 1–24.
Dreher, A., Klasen, S., Vreeland, J. R., & Werker, E. (2013). The costs of favoritism: Is politically driven aid less effective? Economic Development and Cultural Change, 62(1), 157–191.
Dreher, A., Lang, V., Rosendorff, B. P., & Vreeland, J. R. (2018). Buying votes and international organizations: The dirty work-hypothesis. CEPR Discussion Paper No. 13290.
Dreher, A., Sturm, J.-E., & Vreeland, J. R. (2009). Development aid and international politics: Does membership on the UN Security Council influence World Bank decisions? Journal of Development Economics, 88(1), 1–18.
Drury, A. C., Olson, R. S., & Van Belle, D. A. (2005). The politics of humanitarian aid: US foreign disaster assistance, 1964–1995. The Journal of Politics, 67(2), 454–473.
Duggan, J., Morris, S., Sandefur, J., & Yang, G. (2020). Is the World Bank’s COVID-19 crisis lending big enough, fast enough? New evidence on loan disbursements. CGD Working Paper 554. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development. https://www.cgdev.org/publication/world-banks-covid-crisis-lending-bigenough-fast-enough-new-evidence-loan-disbursements
Dyson, T. (2010). Population and development: The demographic transition. Zed Books.
EM-DAT. 2020. The Emergency Events Database—Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL)—CRED, D. Guha-Sapir—www.emdat.be, Brussels, Belgium.
Gibson, J. (2019). Are you estimating the right thing? An editor reflects. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 41(3), 329–350.
International Monetary Fund (IMF) (2020). World Economic Outlook Database. Retrieved June 14, 2021, from https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/WEO/weo-database/2021/April/download-entire-database
International Monetary Fund (IMF) (2021a). Questions and answers: The IMF’s response to COVID-19. Retrieved April 8, 2021, from https://www.imf.org/en/About/FAQ/imf-response-to-covid-19
International Monetary Fund (IMF) (2021b). Questions and answers on sovereign debt issues. Retrieved April 8, 2021, from https://www.imf.org/en/About/FAQ/sovereign-debt#s2q1
Kanbur, S. M. R. (2002). International financial institutions and international public goods: Operational implications for the World Bank. G-24 Discussion Paper # 19.
Kaya, A. (2015). Power and global economic institutions. Cambridge University Press.
Kersting, E., & Kilby, C. (2016). With a little help from my friends: Global electioneering and World Bank lending. Journal of Development Economics, 121, 153–165.
Kersting, E., & Kilby, C. (2019). The rise of supplemental lending at the World Bank. Canadian Journal of Economics, 52(4), 1655–1698.
Kersting, E., & Kilby, C. (2021). Do domestic politics shape U.S. influence in the World Bank? Review of International Organizations, 16(1), 29–58. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11558-018-9321-8
Kevlihan, R., DeRouen, K., Jr., & Biglaiser, G. (2014). Is US humanitarian aid based primarily on need or self-interest? International Studies Quarterly, 58(4), 839–854.
Kilby, C. (2009). The political economy of conditionality: An empirical analysis of World Bank loan disbursements. Journal of Development Economics, 89(1), 51–61.
Kilby, C. (2013a). An empirical assessment of informal influence in the World Bank. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 61(2), 431–464.
Kilby, C. (2013b). The political economy of project preparation: An empirical analysis of World Bank projects. Journal of Development Economics, 105, 211–225.
Kilby, C. (2015). Assessing the impact of World Bank preparation on project outcomes. Journal of Development Economics, 115, 111–123.
Kilby, C., & Dreher, A. (2010). The impact of aid on growth revisited: Do donor motives matter? Economics Letters, 107(3), 338–340.
Kilby, C., & Michaelowa, K. (2019). What influences World Bank project evaluations? In N. Dutta, & C. Williamson (Eds.), Lessons on foreign aid and economic development: Micro and macro perspectives (pp. 105–150). Palgrave/McMillan.
Kreuder-Sonnen, C. (2019). International authority and the emergency problematique: IO empowerment through crises. International Theory, 11(2), 182–210.
Lang, V. F., & Presbitero, A. F. (2018). Room for discretion? Biased decision-making in international financial institutions. Journal of Development Economics, 130, 1–16.
Miguel, E., Satyanath, S., & Sergenti, E. (2004). Economic shocks and civil conflict: An instrumental variables approach. Journal of Political Economy, 112(4), 725–753.
Milner, H. V., & Tingley, D. (2013). Public opinion and foreign aid: A review essay. International Interactions, 39(3), 389–401.
Morgenthau, H. (1962). A political theory of foreign aid. American Political Science Review, 56(2), 301–309.
Morris, S., Sandefur, J., & Yang, G. (2021). Tracking the scale and speed of the World Bank’s COVID response: April 2021 update. CGD Notes. April 5, 2021. https://www.cgdev.org/publication/tracking-scale-and-speed-world-banks-covid-response-april-2021-update
Mwai, P. (2021). Covid-19 vaccines: Why some African states can't use their vaccines. BBC News. Retrieved June 8, 2021, from https://www.bbc.com/news/56940657
Ruttan, V. W. (1996). United States development assistance policy: The domestic politics of foreign economic aid. Johns Hopkins University Press.
Stern, D. I. (2004). The rise and fall of the environmental Kuznets curve. World Development, 32(8), 1419–1439.
Thomas, K., Darling, J., & Cassil, A. (2021). COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy: Education divide widens. USC Dornsife Center for Economic and Social Research Data Brief No. 2, February 2021. https://uasdata.usc.edu/index.php?r=eNpLtDKyqi62MrFSKkhMT1WyLrYyNAeyS5NyMpP1UhJLEvUSU1Ly80ASQDWJKZkpIKaxlZK5mYWSdS1cMG04Euo
United Nations (UN). (2020a). United Nations Digital Library—Voting Data. https://digitallibrary.un.org/search?ln=en&cc=Voting+Data
United Nations (UN). (2020b). United Nations Security Council—Current Members. https://www.un.org/securitycouncil/content/current-members
United States Department of State (U.S. State Dept.). (2020). Voting practices in the United Nations for 2019.
Vreeland, J. R., & Dreher, A. (2014). The political economy of the United Nations Security Council: Money and influence. Cambridge University Press.
Wang, T. Y. (1999). US foreign aid and UN voting: An analysis of important issues. International Studies Quarterly, 43(1), 199–210.
World Bank (2020a). Amid multiple crises, World Bank Group refocuses programs and increases financing to $74 billion in fiscal year 2020. July 10, 2020. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2020/07/10/amid-multiple-crises-world-bank-group-refocuses-programs-and-increases-financing-to-74-billion-in-fiscal-year-2020
World Bank. (2020b). Project appraisal document on a COVID-19 Strategic Preparedness and Response Program and proposed 25 projects under Phase 1 using the Mulitphase Programmatic Approach. Report No: PCBASIC0219761. (April 2, 2020) https://documents1.worldbank.org/curated/en/993371585947965984/pdf/World-COVID-19-Strategic-Preparedness-and-Response-Project.pdf
World Bank. (2020c). Saving lives, scaling-up impact and getting back on track: World Bank Group COVID-19 crisis response approach paper. June 2020.
World Bank. (2020e). World Bank COVID-19 Response. October 14, 2020. https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/factsheet/2020/10/14/world-bank-covid-19-response
World Bank. (2021a). Brief: COVID-19: Debt Service Suspension Initiative. Retrieved June 18, 2021, from https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/debt/brief/covid-19-debt-service-suspension-initiative
World Bank. (2021b). World Bank projects database. https://projects.worldbank.org/en/projects-operations/project-search?lang=en
World Bank. (WDI). (2020). World development indicators. https://databank.worldbank.org/reports.aspx?source=world-development-indicators
World Bank (WGI). (2020). Worldwide governance indicators. https://databank.worldbank.org/source/worldwide-governance-indicators
World Health Organizations (WHO). (2021). G7 announces pledges of 870 million COVID-19 vaccine doses, of which at least half to be delivered by the end of 2021. Retrieved June 13, 2021, from https://www.who.int/news/item/13-06-2021-g7-announces-pledges-of-870-million-covid-19-vaccine-doses-of-which-at-least-half-to-be-delivered-by-the-end-of-2021
Zimmerman, R. F. (1993). Dollars, diplomacy, & development. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.
Zumbrun, J. (2018). Chief Economist at World Bank quits. The Wall Street Journal 01/25/2018. https://www.wsj.com/articles/world-bank-chief-economist-paul-romer-resigns-1516823370