The Review of International Organizations

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 491–518 | Cite as

Issue linkage across international organizations: Does European countries’ temporary membership in the UN Security Council increase their receipts from the EU budget?

  • Christoph Mikulaschek


What explains the outcome of interstate negotiations in international organizations (IOs)? While existing research highlights member states’ power, preference intensity, and the IO’s institutional design, this paper introduces an additional source of bargaining power in IOs: Through issue linkage members of an IO leverage privileged positions in other IOs to obtain more favorable bargaining outcomes. Specifically, European Union members are more successful in bargaining over the EU budget while they hold a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council (UNSC). Inside the UNSC EU members can promote security interests of other European countries, and they can use their influence to secure side-payments from the EU budget. The study tests this argument by investigating new EU budget data, and it shows that EU members obtain 1.7 billion Euro in additional net receipts during a two-year UNSC term, on average. Thus, bargaining processes in the EU and the UN are intricately linked.


Political economy International organizations Issue linkage Intergovernmental bargaining Budget allocation European Union United Nations 

JEL Classification

D72 F53 F55 N44 O19 



I thank David Carter, Christina Davis, Axel Dreher, Salla Huikuri, Robert Keohane, Mareike Kleine, Andrew Moravcsik, Christina Schneider, and Robert Thomson, three anonymous reviewers, and audiences at the annual conventions of APSA in 2015 and PEIO and ISA in 2016 for extremely helpful comments. All errors are mine.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Princeton UniversityPrincetonUSA

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