Additions to Trechispora and the status of Scytinopogon (Trechisporales, Basidiomycota)

Abstract

Three new species of Trechispora from Brazil, T. copiosa, T. gelatinosa, and T. termitophila, are described and illustrated. The new species are microscopically similar to the known Trechispora species, but differ by having coralloid basidiomata and would traditionally have been placed in Scytinopogon. Phylogenetic analyses based on nuc rDNA ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 (ITS) and nuc 28S rDNA (28S) regions place the new species and other publicly available sequences identified as Scytinopogon firmly within a strongly supported Trechispora clade that also includes the type species of Trechispora. Scytinopogon is synonymized with Trechispora and the new combinations T. chartacea, T. havencampii, T. minispora, T. pallescens, and T. papillosa are proposed.

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Data availability

All material is deposited in Herbarum URM and sequences in GenBank. Data will be available online after the acceptance of the manuscript in http://www.splink.org.br/ and https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genbank/.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Cléverton de O. Mendonça for collecting some specimens of T. papillosa; Renato L. M. Alvarenga for the plates; Renata S. Chikowski for the information about corticioid Trechispora; Genevieve E. Tocci and Donald H. Pfister from Herbarium FH for the photographs of the S. chartaceum type specimen; CNPq for the doctorate scholarship of AMO.

Funding

This research was funded by the Pós-Graduação em Biologia de Fungos (UFPE, Brazil), Capes (Capes-SIU 008/13), CNPq (PQ 307601/2015-3, PQ 302941/2019-3, ICMBio 421241/2017-9), and FACEPE (APQ 0375-2.03/15, APQ-0003-2.03/18).

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All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by Angelina de Meiras-Ottoni and Karl-Henrik Larsson. The first draft of the manuscript was written by Angelina de Meiras-Ottoni and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Karl-Henrik Larsson and Tatiana B. Gibertoni provided funds for this research. Tatiana B. Gibertoni supervised this research.

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Correspondence to Angelina de Meiras-Ottoni.

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, File 1. Phylogenetic reconstruction of Trechisporales based on BI analysis of the nuclear ribosomal partial LSU region. Branches are labeled with the results from SH-aLRT test, Ultrafast Bootstrap, and Bayesian posterior probability values. Only values considered as strong support are given, interpreted as equal to or above 90, 95, and 0.95, respectively. When BI alone gave strong support, only this figure is indicated. (PDF 486 kb)

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de Meiras-Ottoni, A., Larsson, KH. & Gibertoni, T.B. Additions to Trechispora and the status of Scytinopogon (Trechisporales, Basidiomycota). Mycol Progress 20, 203–222 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-021-01667-y

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Keywords

  • Coral fungi
  • Diversity
  • Neotropics
  • New species
  • New combinations
  • Phylogeny
  • Taxonomy