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Study and clarification of Peziza petersii and P. proteana (Ascomycota, Pezizaceae), and Underwoodia campbellii resurrected for the “cabbage-head fungus” (formerly P. proteana f. sparassoides)

Abstract

Amongst the complicated group of Peziza with blue-violet-purplish hymenial surface, P. petersii, P. proteana f. proteana and f. sparassoides were studied using both morphological and molecular approaches (analysis of the nrITS and RPB2 sequences). The nrITS sequences were successfully obtained from the holotypes of Aleuria proteana, P. pseudoviolacea and Underwoodia campbellii. The epitype collection of P. petersii was designated, and its nrITS and RPB2 regions were sequenced. Our analyses showed that (i) P. proteana and P. petersii are a single species, and since P. petersii Berk. was published in 1875 and Aleuria proteana Boud. in 1899, the prioritary name is the former; (ii) P. proteana f. sparassoides (Boud.) Korf, the “cabbage-head fungus”, is a distinct evolutionary line and is here recognised at species level using the oldest available epithet that can be combined in Peziza, Underwoodia campbellii Sacc. Consequently, Peziza campbellii nov. comb. is introduced.

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Acknowledgements

The authors sincerely are grateful to the curators of the institutional herbaria and the owners of the private ones for having put at our disposal the large number of samples whose study has contributed to the realization of this work. Marco Floriani (Pergine Valsugana, Trento, Italy) is thanked for resolving some nomenclatural problems and Paolo Cugildi (Dolcè, Verona, Italy) for providing photos of P. campbellii. HT acknowledges funding from the Estonian Science Foundation (project IUT20-30) and the European Regional Development Fund (Centre of Excellence EcolChange).

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Vizzini, A., Medardi, G., Tamm, H. et al. Study and clarification of Peziza petersii and P. proteana (Ascomycota, Pezizaceae), and Underwoodia campbellii resurrected for the “cabbage-head fungus” (formerly P. proteana f. sparassoides). Mycol Progress 19, 505–523 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-020-01575-7

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Keywords

  • Pezizomycetes
  • Pezizales
  • Gyromitra phillipsii
  • Peziza lobulata
  • nrITS DNA and RPB2 sequences
  • Morphology
  • Taxonomy