Advertisement

Mycological Progress

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 795–804 | Cite as

Study in Agaricus section Minores in Pakistan with the description of two new species

  • Shah HussainEmail author
  • Hassan Sher
Original Article
  • 899 Downloads

Abstract

Agaricus section Minores, which belongs to A. subgenus Minores, is the most speciose section in genus Agaricus. Collections from lowland northern Pakistan presumably belonging to this section were included in phylogenetic analyses based on nuclear rDNA sequences of internal transcribed spacer and 28S regions. The analyses revealed that these collections belong to two novel species of A. sect. Minores. Agaricus glabriusculus and Agaricus latiumbonatus are subsequently described in detail and compared to closely related or resembling taxa. This is the first report of A. sect. Minores from Pakistan; with this study, the number of known species of Agaricus in the country increases to 26.

Keywords

Agaricaceae Diversity Malakand New taxa Taxonomy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are greatly thankful to Prof. Donald H. Pfister (Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, USA) for facilitating S.H. during this study. We acknowledged Dr. Junaid Khan (University of Swat) and Hira Bashir (University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan) for their help in phylogenetic analyses.

Funding information

Financial support was provided by Higher Education Commission of Pakistan under the International Support Initiative Program.

References

  1. Ahmad S, Iqbal SH, Khalid AN (1997) Fungi of Pakistan. Sultan Ahmad Mycological Society of Pakistan, LahoreGoogle Scholar
  2. Bashir H, Hussain S, Khalid AN, Niazi AR, Parra LA, Callac P (2018) First report of Agaricus sect. Brunneopicti from Pakistan with descriptions of two new species. Phytotaxa 357:167–178.  https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.357.3.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Belda M, Holtanová E, Halenka T, Kalvová J (2014) Climate classification revisited: from Köppen to Trewartha. Clim Res 59:1–13.  https://doi.org/10.3354/cr01204 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Callac P, Chen J (2018) Tropical species of Agaricus. In: Sánchez JE, Mata G, Royse DJ. (Eds.). 2018. Updates on tropical mushrooms. Basic and applied research. Ecosur. San Cristóbal de las casas. Chiapas. Vol. 1. 227 pGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen J, Callac P, Parra LA, Karunarathna SC, He MQ, Moinard M, De Kesel A, Raspé O, Wisitrassameewong K, Hyde KD, Zhao RL (2017) Study in Agaricus subgenus Minores and allied clades reveals a new American subgenus and contrasting phylogenetic patterns in Europe and greater Mekong subregion. Persoonia 38:170–196.  https://doi.org/10.3767/003158517X695521 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen J, Parra LA, De Kesel A, Khalid AN, Qasim T, Ashraf A, Bahkali AH, Hyde KD, Zhao R, Callac P (2016) Inter– and intra–specific diversity in Agaricus endoxanthus and allied species reveals a new taxon, A. punjabensis. Phytotaxa 252:1–16.  https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.252.1.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Drummond AJ, Rambaut A (2007) BEAST: Bayesian evolutionary analysis by sampling trees. BMC Evol Biol 7:214.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-7-214 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fries GE (1874) Hymenomyc. Eur. Ed. Berling, UppsalaGoogle Scholar
  9. Gernhard T (2008) The conditioned reconstructed process. J Theor Biol 253:769–778.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtbi.2008.04.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hall TA (1999) BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symp Ser 41:95–98.  https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-1999-0734.ch008 Google Scholar
  11. He MQ, Chen J, Zhou JL, Cheewangkoon R, Hyde KD, Zhao RL (2017) Tropic origins, a dispersal model for saprotrophic mushrooms in Agaricus section Minores with descriptions of sixteen new species. Sci Rep 7(5122).  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-05203-5
  12. He MQ, Chuankid B, Hyde KD, Cheewangkoon R, Zhao RL (2018a) A new section and species of Agaricus subgenus Pseudochitonia from Thailand. MycoKeys 40:53–67.  https://doi.org/10.3897/mycokeys.40.26918 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. He MQ, Hyde KD, Wei SL, Xi YL, Cheewangkoon R, Zhao RL (2018b) Three new species of Agaricus section Minores from China. Mycosphere 9:189–201.  https://doi.org/10.5943/mycosphere/9/2/3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Karunarathna SC, Chen J, Mortimer PE, Xu JC, Zhao RL, Callac P, Hyde KD (2016) Mycosphere essay 8: a review of genus Agaricus in tropical and humid subtropical regions of Asia. Mycosphere 7:417–439.  https://doi.org/10.5943/mycosphere/7/4/3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kerrigan RW (2016) Agaricus of North America. New York Botanical GardenGoogle Scholar
  16. Khan J, Sher H, Naseer A, Khalid AN (2017) Descolea quercina (Bolbitiaceae), a new species from moist temperate forests in Pakistan. MycoKeys 27:65–76.  https://doi.org/10.3897/mycokeys.27.14730 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Larkin MA, Blackshields G, Brown NP, Chenna R, McGettigan PA, McWilliam H, Valentin F, Wallace IM, Wilm A, Lopez R, Thompson JD, Gibson TJ, Higgins DG (2007) Clustal W and Clustal X version 2.0. Bioinformatics 23:2947–2948.  https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btm404 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Munsell AH (1975) Munsell soil color charts. Macbeth Division of Kollmorgen Corporation, Baltimore, MarylandGoogle Scholar
  19. Parra LA (2013) FungiEuropaei, Agaricus L.: Allopsalliota, Nauta & Bas (Parte II). Candusso EdizioniGoogle Scholar
  20. Parra LA, Angelini C, Ortiz-Santana B, Mata G, Billette C, Rojo C, Chen J, Callac P (2018) The genus Agaricus in the Caribbean. Nine new taxa mostly based on collections from the Dominican Republic. Phytotaxa 345:219–271.  https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.345.3.2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Peel MC, Finlayson BL, McMahon TA (2007) Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 11:1633–1644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rambaut A, Suchard MA, Xie D, Drummond AJ (2014) TRACER v 1.6. Computer program and documentation distributed by the authors at http://beast.bio.ed.ac.uk/Tracer. Accessed 20 Aug 2018
  23. Stamatakis A (2006) RAxML-VI-HPC: maximum likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models. Bioinformatics 22:2688–2690CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sultana K, Abdul Rauf C, Riaz A, Naz F, Irshad G, Irfan ul Haque M (1997) Checklist of Agarics of Kaghan Valley-1. Pak J Bot 43:1777–1787Google Scholar
  25. Thongklang N, Nawaz R, Khalid AN, Chen J, Hyde KD, Zhao RL, Parra LA, Hanif M, Moinard M, Callac P (2014) Morphological and molecular characterization of three Agaricus species from tropical Asia (Pakistan, Thailand) reveals a new group in section Xanthodermatei. Mycologia 106:1220–1232.  https://doi.org/10.3852/14-076 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Vilgalys R, Hester M (1990) Rapid genetic identification and mapping of enzymatically amplified ribosomal DNA from several Cryptococcus species. J Bacteriol 172:4239–4246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. White TJ, Bruns T, Lee S, Taylor JW (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis MA, Gelfand DH, Sninsky JJ, White TJ (eds) PCR protocols: a guide to methods and applications. Academic Press, New York, pp 315–322Google Scholar
  28. Yousaf N, Niazi AR, Khalid AN (2012) New records of noteworthy gasteroid fungi from Pakistan. Mycotaxon 119:261–267.  https://doi.org/10.5248/119.261 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Zhao RL, Karunarathna SC, Raspe´ O, Parra LA, Guinberteau J, Moinard M, Kesel AD, Barroso R, Courtecuisse R, Hyde KD, Guelly AK, Desjardin DE, Callac P (2011) Major clades in tropical Agaricus. Fungal Divers 51:279–296.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-011-0136-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zhao RL, Zhou JL, Chen J, Margaritescu S, Sánchez-Ramírez S, Hyde KD, Callac P, Parra LA, Li GJ, Moncalvo JM (2016) Towards standardizing taxonomic ranks using divergence times–a case study for reconstruction of the Agaricus taxonomic system. Fungal Divers 78:239–292.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-016-0357-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Plant Sciences and BiodiversityUniversity of SwatSwatPakistan

Personalised recommendations