Mycological Progress

, Volume 18, Issue 1–2, pp 247–294 | Cite as

Revision of some central European species of Inocybe (Fr.: Fr.) Fr. subgenus Inocybe, with the description of five new species

  • Ditte Bandini
  • Bernd Oertel
  • Sebastian Ploch
  • Tahir Ali
  • Jukka Vauras
  • Anja Schneider
  • Markus Scholler
  • Ursula Eberhardt
  • Marco ThinesEmail author
Original Article


The subgenus Inocybe is widespread in the Holarctic but, due to a superficially similar appearance of the species, much of its diversity has been overlooked. In this study, a revision of some Central European species of the subgenus is carried out. On the basis of detailed morphological and phylogenetic investigation, five new species of Inocybe, subgenus Inocybe are described. Three of these are smooth-spored (I. venustissima, I. curcumina, and I. leochroma), and two are nodulose-spored (I. strickeriana and I. villosa). The new species are compared to the type specimens of I. alluvionis, I. angulatosquamulosa, I. hirtelloides,I. pelargonium, I. salicis, I. splendentoides, I. straminipes, and I. terrifera. Inocybe derbschii is confirmed, and a comprehensive description with photographs is given. The morphological species complex consisting of I. furfurea, I. rufotacta, and I. sandrae is disentangled and it is shown that the three names are synonyms. Finally, it is shown that I. stenospora does not belong to the subgenus Mallocybe but to the subgenus Inocybe. All new species and most type specimens were included in molecular phylogenetic analyses. The phylogenetic analyses are well in line with the current perception of species boundaries in Inocybe subg. Inocybe.


Agaricales Inocybaceae Taxonomy Molecular systematics Type specimens ITS 



We are grateful to the curators Philippe Clerc (G) Régis Courtecuisse (LIP), Dagmar Triebel (M), Bart Buyck (PC), and Jan Holec (PRM) for the loan of specimens in their keeping and we thank Mike Thiv (STU) for the handling of loans. We would like to express our gratitude to Wolfgang Dämon, Matthias Dondl, Reinhard Geiter, Irmgard Krisai-Greilhuber, Doris Laber, Uschi Österle, and Helmut Zitzmann for providing fresh collections or specimens. We thank Wolfgang Dämon for the permission to publish a photograph of Inocybe leochroma. Fernando Esteve-Raventós and Ellen Larsson are acknowledged for informing us regarding on-going projects in their groups, and we thank Pierre-Arthur Moreau for informations about I. strickeriana. Collections from Karlsruhe (sequencing, field studies and archiving) were financed through the project “Exotische Gehölze und Diversität der Ektomykorrhiza-Pilze im urbanen Grünflächenbereich” of the program “Klimawandel und modellhafte Anpassung in Baden-Württemberg” (project no. 4500412039/23, M. Scholler). Some sequence data were generated at the Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart as part of the German Barcode of Life (GBOL) project, supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF FKZ 01LI1501l) as research for sustainable development (FONA, This study was partly funded in the framework of the LOEWE excellence cluster for Integrative Fungal Research (IPF) of the government of Hessen. We also thank FinBOL for support and are grateful that Bálint Dima, Eötvös Loránd University Budapest allowed us to use four sequences of the FinBOL project.


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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ditte Bandini
    • 1
  • Bernd Oertel
    • 2
  • Sebastian Ploch
    • 2
  • Tahir Ali
    • 2
  • Jukka Vauras
    • 3
  • Anja Schneider
    • 4
  • Markus Scholler
    • 4
  • Ursula Eberhardt
    • 5
  • Marco Thines
    • 2
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Panoramastr. 47WiesenbachGermany
  2. 2.Senckenberg Biodiversität und Klima ForschungszentrumFrankfurt am MainGermany
  3. 3.Biological Collections of Åbo Akademi University, Herbarium, Biodiversity UnitUniversity of TurkuTurkuFinland
  4. 4.Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde KarlsruheKarlsruheGermany
  5. 5.Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde StuttgartStuttgartGermany
  6. 6.Department of Biological Sciences, Institute of Ecology, Evolution and DiversityGoethe UniversityFrankfurt am MainGermany

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