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Mycological Progress

, Volume 18, Issue 1–2, pp 119–133 | Cite as

Multigene phylogeny reveals new fungicolous species in the Fusarium tricinctum species complex and novel hosts in the genus Fusarium from Iran

  • Mohsen Torbati
  • Mahdi ArzanlouEmail author
  • Marcelo Sandoval-Denis
  • Pedro W. Crous
Original Article

Abstract

Fusarium species exhibit diverse lifestyles, being commonly encountered as saprotrophs and endophytes, but can also act as pathogens to plants, animals, including humans, and even other fungi. Very little is known, however, about the species diversity of fungicolous Fusarium species. The following study thus aimed to characterize species of Fusarium and related genera associated with smut fungi and mushrooms in Iran by applying a polyphasic approach involving culture characteristics, morphology, and multigene phylogenetic analyses. Twenty-four fungicolous isolates were recovered from different host species spanning four host families in the Eastern Azerbaijan provinces of north and northwest Iran. Isolates belonged to four Fusarium species complexes (SC) in, i.e., F. fujikuroi SC, F. oxysporum SC, F. incarnatum-equiseti SC, and F. tricinctum SC. One other fungicolous taxon was identified as Neocosmospora metavorans. Two new lineages belonging to the F. tricinctum SC are here described as F. gamsii and F. iranicum, both species occurring on Agaricus bisporus. Fusarium gamsii is phylogenetically related to F. torulosum, and F. iranicum to F. flocciferum. Morphological characters support their distinction from their closest phylogenetic sister species. Additionally, A. bisporus and Boletus sp. are here listed as new host records for members of the F. tricinctum SC in Iran.

Keywords

Fungicolous Moghan Multigene Polyphasic Systematics Taxonomy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We gratefully acknowledge the Research Deputy of the Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, the University of Tabriz, for financial support.

Supplementary material

11557_2018_1422_MOESM1_ESM.docx (50 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 50 kb)

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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Plant Protection Department, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of TabrizTabrizIran
  2. 2.Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity InstituteUtrechtThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Plant SciencesUniversity of the Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa

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