Thyridariella, a novel marine fungal genus from India: morphological characterization and phylogeny inferred from multigene DNA sequence analyses

Abstract

A novel saprobic fungal genus, Thyridariella (Thyridariaceae), is herein described to include Thyridariella mangrovei, the type species and T. mahakoshae spp. nov. Both species were collected as saprobes on decaying wood of Avicennia marina, a common mangrove species found near Kaveri River Delta, Tamil Nadu, on the east coast of India. Thyridariella is diagnosed by having an exclusive combination of characters, such as ascomata with ostiolar necks thickened laterally, hyaline, and centrally constricted muriform ascospores with a single longitudinal septum in each segment and surrounded by a mucilaginous sheath. These characters demarcate these taxa from morphologically similar genera such as Halojulella and Julella. In addition, the new genus also differs from Parathyridaria and Thyridaria in having hyaline, muriform ascospores with distinct mucilaginous sheaths. The monophyly of Thyridariella is well supported in the phylogenetic analysis based on a concatenated dataset from two proteins and three nuclear gene regions. The phylogeny also depicts a sister group relationship of our new genus to Parathyridaria and Thyridaria and hence confirms its position within Thyridariaceae.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank District Forest Office, Tiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India, and PCCF, Forest Department of Tamil Nadu, India, for providing permission to collect samples from Muthupet mangroves. Department of Biotechnology, Pondicherry University, is thanked for providing the facilities. B. Devadatha would like to thank the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India, for providing a fellowship. The Mae Fah Luang University is acknowledged for their assistance.

Funding

This work was funded by grant of Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India (MOES/36/OO1S/Extra/40/2014/PC-IV dt.14.1.2015).

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Correspondence to V. V. Sarma.

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Section Editor: Gerhard Rambold

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Devadatha, B., Sarma, V.V., Jeewon, R. et al. Thyridariella, a novel marine fungal genus from India: morphological characterization and phylogeny inferred from multigene DNA sequence analyses. Mycol Progress 17, 791–804 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-018-1387-4

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Keywords

  • Ascomycetes
  • New genus
  • Mangroves
  • Pleosporales
  • Taxonomy
  • Thyridariaceae