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Mycological Progress

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 755–771 | Cite as

Novel Collophorina and Coniochaeta species from Euphorbia polycaulis, an endemic plant in Iran

  • Shaghayegh Nasr
  • Steffen Bien
  • Mohammad Reza Soudi
  • Nayyereh Alimadadi
  • Seyed Abolhassan Shahzadeh Fazeli
  • Ulrike Damm
Original Article
  • 130 Downloads

Abstract

During a study on the biodiversity of yeasts and yeast-like ascomycetes from wild plants in Iran, four strains of yeast-like filamentous fungi were isolated from a healthy plant of Euphorbia polycaulis in the Qom Province, Iran (IR. of). All four strains formed small hyaline one-celled conidia from integrated conidiogenous cells directly on hyphae and sometimes on discrete phialides, as well as by microcyclic conidiation. Two strains additionally produced conidia in conidiomata that open by rupture. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences suggested the placement of these strains in the genera Collophorina (Leotiomycetes) and Coniochaeta (Sordariomycetes), respectively. Blast search results on NCBI GenBank and phylogenetic analyses of ITS, the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and the translation elongation factor 1α (EF-1α) sequences, and the nuclear large subunit ribosomal gene (LSU), partial actin (ACT), and β-tubulin (TUB) sequences, respectively, revealed the isolates to belong to three new species, that are described here as Collophorina euphorbiae, Coniochaeta iranica, and C. euphorbiae. All three species are characterised by morphological, physiological, and molecular data.

Keywords

Lecythophora Morphological characterisation Multi-locus sequence analysis Phylogeny Systematics 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Dr. Hamid Moazzeni of Department of Plant Biology of Iranian Biological Resource Center for identification of plant material.

Funding information

We gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the Iranian Biological Resource Center (IBRC), ACECR, which was provided to us by Mohammad Ali Amoozegar (Head of Department).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Microorganisms Bank, Iranian Biological Resource Center (IBRC), ACECRTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Microbial Biotechnology, Faculty of Basic Sciences and Advanced Technologies in BiologyUniversity of Science and CultureTehranIran
  3. 3.Senckenberg Museum of Natural History GörlitzGörlitzGermany
  4. 4.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological SciencesAlzahra UniversityTehranIran
  5. 5.Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences and Advanced Technologies in BiologyUniversity of Science and CultureTehranIran

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