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Mycological Progress

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 451–466 | Cite as

Studies in the Phaeotremella foliacea group (Tremellomycetes, Basidiomycota)

  • Viacheslav SpirinEmail author
  • Vera Malysheva
  • Andrey Yurkov
  • Otto Miettinen
  • Karl-Henrik Larsson
Original Article

Abstract

The taxonomy of the Phaeotremella foliacea group is revised based on morphological, ecological, geographic and DNA data. The name P. foliacea is retained for the gymnosperm-dwelling species associated with Stereum sanguinolentum in Eurasia and North America. Tremella neofoliacea and Cryptococcus skinneri are considered synonyms of P. foliacea s. str. Three other species in the complex inhabit deciduous trees. Of them, Phaeotremella fimbriata, comb. nov., is associated with Stereum rugosum; this species possesses blackening basidiocarps and small basidiospores, and it occurs in Europe. Its close relative is the East Asian Phaeotremella eugeniae, sp. nov., inhabiting Quercus mongolica and having larger basidiospores. The third species, Phaeotremella frondosa, comb. nov., produces the largest basidiospores in the genus and is associated either with S. rugosum (mainly in North Europe) or with other Stereum species (temperate Eurasia and North America). Additionally, Tremella nigrescens is typified and placed in the synonyms of P. frondosa, and two species, T. fuscosuccinea and T. roseotincta, are combined to Phaeotremella.

Keywords

Heterobasidiomycetes Mycoparasite Phylogeny Typification 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research was supported by the Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre (project “A survey of Norwegian jelly fungi”, grant number knr. 44-15) (author VS) and by the project “Biodiversity of natural systems. Biological resources of Russia” (project number I.21.P) (author VM). Tuomo Niemelä (University of Helsinki) kindly provided us with his specimen of P. fimbriata. The authors are grateful to Franz Oberwinkler and Dominik Begerow for granting access to the reference material from Tübingen. Christiane Baschien, Evelyne Brambilla, Steffen Carl, Gabrielle Gresenz and Carolla Plagge (DSMZ) are acknowledged for their assistance in the lab.

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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Finnish Museum of Natural HistoryUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Natural History MuseumUniversity of OsloBlindern, OsloNorway
  3. 3.Komarov Botanical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Leibniz Institute DSMZ—German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell CulturesBraunschweigGermany

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