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Multi-locus phylogeny and morphology reveal five new species of Fomitiporia (Hymenochaetaceae) from China

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Abstract

Five newly identified species of Fomitiporia (F. alpina, F. gaoligongensis, F. hainaniana, F. subrobusta and F. subtropica) and their morphological and molecular characterisation are described in this paper. Fomitiporia alpina sp. nov. is distinguished by its pileate basidiomata, parallel tramal hyphae and large basidiospores (6.5–8 × 6–8 μm), and by its gymnosperm wood-living habitat. Fomitiporia gaoligongensis sp. nov. is distinct from other species due to its semicircular pileus and subglobose to globose basidiospores (6.5–7.6 × 6–7.4 μm). Fomitiporia hainaniana sp. nov. is marked by its resupinate basidiomata, the presence of setae and small globose basidiospores (4–5 × 3.8–4.4 μm). Fomitiporia subrobusta sp. nov. is characterised by its triquetrous basidiomata, small pores (6–9 per mm) with entire and thick dissepiments, and subglobose to obovoid basidiospores (6.2–6.8 × 5.2–6 μm). Fomitiporia subtropica sp. nov. can be differentiated by its resupinate basidiomata, smaller pores (6–10 per mm) and smaller basidiospores (5.2–6 × 4.4–5 μm). Phylogenetic analysis, based on multi-gene comparison of the internal transcribed spacer regions (ITS), nuclear large subunit ribosomal RNA gene regions (nLSU), the translation elongation factor 1-α gene (tef1α) and the second subunit of RNA polymerase II (rpb2), confirmed affinity with the Fomitiporia species and showed association with similar fungi in the genus.

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Acknowledgements

Special thanks are due to Drs. Xiao-Lan He (Soil and Fertilizer Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China), Shuang-Hui He (Institute of Microbiology, Beijing Forestry University China) and Li-Wei Zhou (Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China) for their assistance on field trips. Prof. Hai-Sheng Yuan (IFP, China) is thanked for the loan of specimens. The research was financed by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (no. 2016ZCQ04) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (project no. 31422001).

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Correspondence to Bao-Kai Cui.

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Chen, H., Cui, BK. Multi-locus phylogeny and morphology reveal five new species of Fomitiporia (Hymenochaetaceae) from China. Mycol Progress 16, 687–701 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-017-1306-0

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