Mycological Progress

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 433–445 | Cite as

Calcarisporium xylariicola sp. nov. and introduction of Calcarisporiaceae fam. nov. in Hypocreales

  • Jing-Zu Sun
  • Xing-Zhong LiuEmail author
  • Kevin D. HydeEmail author
  • Qi Zhao
  • Sajeewa S. N. Maharachchikumbura
  • Erio Camporesi
  • Jayarama Bhat
  • Somrudee Nilthong
  • Saisamorn Lumyong
Original Article


During a survey of fungicolous fungi, a novel taxon from the surface of stroma of an unidentified Xylaria species was collected. Phylogenetic analyses showed that this taxon clustered with Calcarisporium sp. and C. arbuscula isolates, but was resolved as a distinct species. A detailed morphological examination coupled with phylogenetic analysis indicated that the taxon represented a new species. Calcarisporium xylariicola sp. nov. is thus introduced. The new taxon is characterized by short conidiophores with swollen bases and less length/width ratio of conidia that distinguish it from other Calcarisporium species. Calcarisporium is presently placed in Hypocreales genera, incertae sedis genus. Species in the genus are largely fungicolous, or occasionally caulicolous or foliicolous, and have hyaline, erect, verticillate conidiophores and sympodial, polyblastic conidiation. A phylogenetic analysis of combined SSU, ITS, LSU, TEF and RPB2 sequence data from Calcarisporium species and other taxa in Hypocreales indicate that Calcarisporium is a distinct lineage from other families. Therefore, a new family, Calcarisporiaceae, in Hypocreales is introduced.


Multi-locus genes Fungicolous Phylogeny Sordariomycetes Taxonomy 



The authors would like to thank Dr. Shaun Pennycook for advice on the fungal name, and Prof. Lei Cai for constructive suggestions on phylogenetic analysis. This research was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 31600024).

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Supplementary material

11557_2017_1290_MOESM1_ESM.nxs (366 kb)
ESM 1 (NXS 365 kb) (12 kb)
ESM 2 (NEXUS 11 kb)


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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing-Zu Sun
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Xing-Zhong Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kevin D. Hyde
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Qi Zhao
    • 4
  • Sajeewa S. N. Maharachchikumbura
    • 5
  • Erio Camporesi
    • 6
  • Jayarama Bhat
    • 7
  • Somrudee Nilthong
    • 3
  • Saisamorn Lumyong
    • 8
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of MicrobiologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Centre of Excellence in Fungal ResearchMae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand
  3. 3.School of ScienceMae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand
  4. 4.Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of BotanyChinese Academy of SciencesKunmingChina
  5. 5.Department of Crop Science, College of Agricultural and Marine SciencesSultan Qaboos UniversityAl-KhodOman
  6. 6.A.M.B. Circolo MicologicoBresciaItaly
  7. 7.Azad Housing SocietyCurcaIndia
  8. 8.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceChiang Mai UniversityChiang MaiThailand

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