Mycological Progress

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 465–474 | Cite as

Molecular validation of Sarcodon quercinofibulatus, a species of the S. imbricatus complex associated with Fagaceae, and notes on Sarcodon

  • Alfredo VizziniEmail author
  • Matteo Carbone
  • Fabrizio Boccardo
  • Enrico Ercole
Original Article


Morphological and molecular phylogenetic analyses revealed that Italian and Mexican collections of an unknown Sarcodon species of the S. imbricatus complex associated with Fagaceae (Castanea and Quercus), were assignable to Sarcodon quercinofibulatus, a species recently described from Spain. The species, characterized by a light brown-hazelnut coloured pileus surface eventually breaking into large and coarse scales, was recognized as independent from Sarcodon imbricatus and S. squamosus. S. aspratus, usually synonymized with S. imbricatus, is a different species. S. squamosus collections from montane and Mediterranean pine woodlands were shown to be conspecific. Four sections of Sarcodon (Sarcodon, Violacei, Squamiceps and Scabrosi) established by Maas Geesteranus (Verh K ned Akad Wet III, 65: 1–127, 1975) only on morphological basis, are here confirmed as monophyletic.


Bankeraceae ITS phylogeny Stipitate hydnoid fungi Taxonomy Thelephorales 



We are grateful to J. Carbó (Girona, Spain) and M. Della Maggiora (Pieve di Compito-Capannori, Lucca, Italy) for sending herbarium specimens, to Samuele Voyron (University of Turin, Italy) for providing helpful technical assistance, and to Matteo Gelardi (Rome, Italy) and Caroline Hobart (Sheffield, U.K.) for improving the English text. Lastly, thanks to J. Vauras (TUR-A Herbarium, Turku, Finland) and G. Robich (MCVE Herbarium, Venice, Italy) for housing many of the studied collections.


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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfredo Vizzini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Matteo Carbone
    • 2
  • Fabrizio Boccardo
    • 3
  • Enrico Ercole
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e Biologia dei SistemiUniversità di TorinoTorinoItaly
  2. 2.GenoaItaly
  3. 3.GenoaItaly

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