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Mycological Progress

, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp 781–790 | Cite as

Endophytic fungal community in stems and leaves of plants from desert areas in China

  • Yue Sun
  • Qi WangEmail author
  • Xiaodong Lu
  • Izumi Okane
  • Makoto Kakishima
Original Article

Abstract

Endophytic fungi are known to play important ecological roles in protecting plants from various abiotic and biotic stresses. Therefore, it is valuable to investigate the endophytic fungal community associated with plants distributed in harsh environments, such as deserts. Fungal communities in the stems and leaves of ten plant samples belonging to eight species were collected from a desert area in China and tested after plant surface sterilization. The fungal compositions were different among plants. Salsola collina, Suaeda salsa, and Coriospermum declinatum possessed the highest fungal richness. The colonization rates of these samples were high, exceeding 50% in eight of the samples. However, the fungal diversity of the samples was low when measured using Shannon’s index, Fisher’s α, and Simpson’s index. Alternaria alternata, A. franseriae, Fusarium solani, and a second Fusarium species were most frequently isolated from all samples. The diversity of isolated species was low in desert areas, although the colonization rate was relatively high. It was concluded that fungal communities associated with plants in deserts had low diversity, but a small number of species colonized various plants with a high colonization rate. The Jaccard, Sorensen, and Bray–Curtis similarity indices for the fungal communities were low between stems and leaves. This indicated that different fungal communities colonized these two tissues. Phoma pomorum and Phoma sp. showed tissue preferences.

Keywords

Species richness Abundance Tissue specificity Alternaria alternata 

Notes

Acknowledgement

We thank Prof. Yuichi Kadota, Department of Botany of National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan, for identification of plant samples.

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Copyright information

© German Mycological Society and Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yue Sun
    • 1
  • Qi Wang
    • 2
    Email author
  • Xiaodong Lu
    • 3
  • Izumi Okane
    • 4
  • Makoto Kakishima
    • 5
  1. 1.Graduate School of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Engineering Research Center of Chinese Ministry of Education for Edible and Medicinal FungiJilin Agricultural UniversityChangchunChina
  3. 3.Graduate School of Chinese Medicinal MaterialsJilin Agricultural UniversityChangchunChina
  4. 4.NITE Biological Resource Center (NBRC), Department of BiotechnologyNational Institute of Technology and Evaluation (NITE)KisarazuJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan

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