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Cordyceps cuncunae (Ascomycota, Hypocreales), a new pleoanamorphic species from temperate rainforest in southern Chile

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Cordyceps cuncunae Palfner sp. nov. is reported from Valdivian rainforest in southern Chile, parasiting larvae of an unidentified ghost moth species (Lepidoptera, Hepialidae) which probably feed on roots of Laureliopsis philippiana. Morphology and anatomy of stromata as well as morphological and molecular characteristics of mycelium in pure culture which produces two anamorphs, one of them Lecanicillium-like, are described. The systematic position of the new taxon within the most recent generic concept is discussed. This is the first record of an endemic Cordyceps species from Chile.

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G. Palfner, J. Becerra and M. Silva acknowledge funding by CONICYT (project ADI-38), G. Palfner received additional funding by FONDECYT project 1050313. Many thanks to Dr. Angélica Casanova-Katny, Gisela Stotz, Oriet Alarcon and Flavio Espinoza for their assistance in maintenance of axenic cultures and measurements of mycelial growth.

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Correspondence to Götz Palfner.

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Palfner, G., Valenzuela-Muñoz, V., Gallardo-Escarate, C. et al. Cordyceps cuncunae (Ascomycota, Hypocreales), a new pleoanamorphic species from temperate rainforest in southern Chile. Mycol Progress 11, 733–739 (2012).

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