Skip to main content

Two new species in Cortinarius subgenus Telamonia, Cortinarius brunneifolius and C. leiocastaneus, from Fennoscandia (Basidiomycota, Agaricales)

Abstract

Two new Cortinarius species, C. brunneifolius and C. leiocastaneus, are described based on molecular and morphological data. Cortinarius brunneifolius looks like a trivial brown Telamonia. It is characterised by the fairly dark brown cap and gills contrasting with the white stem. The major distinctive features are the refracting, colourless granules in the epicutis hyphae, broadly ellipsoid, equally verrucose spores, and fruitbody without bluish tints. Cortinarius leiocastaneus can be fairly easily recognised by the appearance of miniature brown Telamonia species, narrowly amygdaloid spores, and a habitat with Betula. Detailed descriptions of the species are provided as well as comparisons with macro- and microscopically similar existing telamonioid taxa. Phylogenetic relationships within the genus were studied by use of ITS rDNA sequence data. Ten new ITS sequences are published. Cortinarius brunneifolius and C. leiocastaneus are fairly closely related and belong to the subgenus Telamonia sensu stricto. The infrasubgeneric relationships were not well resolved, but the new species seem to be unrelated to the macroscopically similar species and do not clearly belong to any of the existing sections.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  • Ammirati J, Garnica S, Halling RE, Mata M, Mueller GM, Carranza J (2007) New Cortinarius species associated with Quercus and Comarostaphylis in Costa Rica. Can J Bot 85:794–812

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bidaud A, Moënne-Loccoz P, Reumaux P (1994) Atlas des Cortinaires. Cle generale des sous-genres, sections et series. - Éditions Fédération Mycologique Dauphiné-Savoie. La Roche-sur-Foron

  • Bidaud A, Moënne-Loccoz P, Reumaux P (1995) Atlas des Cortinaires, VII. Éditions Fédération Mycologique Dauphiné-Savoie. La Roche-sur-Foron

  • Brandrud TE, Lindström H, Marklund H, Melot J, Muskos S (1989) Cortinarius Flora Photographica I (Swedish version). Cortinarius HB, Matfors, Sweden

    Google Scholar 

  • Brandrud TE, Lindström H, Marklund H, Melot J, Muskos S (1992) Cortinarius Flora Photographica II (Swedish version). Cortinarius HB, Matfors, Sweden

    Google Scholar 

  • Edgar RC (2004) MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Res 32:1792–1797

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Fries EM (1838) Epicrisis systematis mycologici seu synopsis Hymenomycetum. Uppsala, Sweden

  • Frøslev TG, Brandrud TE, Jeppesen TS (2006a) New species and combinations in Cortinarius subgenus Phlegmacium section Calochroi. Mycotaxon 97:367–377

    Google Scholar 

  • Frøslev TG, Jeppesen TS, Læssøe T (2006b) Seven new calochroid and fulvoid species of Cortinarius. Mycol Res 110:1046–1058

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Frøslev TG, Jeppesen TS, Læssøe T, Kjøller R (2007) Molecular phylogenetics and delimitation of species in Cortinarius section Calochroi (Basidiomycota, Agaricales) in Europe. Mol Phylogenet Evol 44:217–227

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gardes M, Bruns TD (1993) ITS primers with enhanced specifity for basidiomycetes application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Mol Ecol 2:113–118

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Garnica S, Weiß M, Oertel B, Oberwinkler F (2005) A framework for a phylogenetic classification in the genus Cortinarius (Basidiomycota, Agaricales) dereived from morphological and molecular data. Can J Bot 83:1457–1477

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Gladstein D, Wheeler W (2001) POY (Phylogeny Reconstruction via Direct Optimization of DNA data), version 2.7. Department of Invertebrates, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West, 79th St. New York, NY 10024-15192, USA

  • Goloboff PS, Farris S, Nixon K (2000) TNT (Tree analysis using New Technology) (BETA) ver. 1.0. Published by the authors, Tucumán, Argentina

  • Hansen L, Knudsen H (eds) (1992) Nordic Macromycetes, vol 2. Polyporales, Boletales, Agaricales, Russulales. Nordsvamp, Copenhagen

    Google Scholar 

  • Holmgren PK, Holmgren NH, Barnett LC (1990) Index herbariorum 1. The herbaria of the world. Regnum Veg vol. 120. 8th edn.1–693

  • Høiland K, Holst-Jensen A (2000) Cortinarius phylogeny and possible taxonomic implications of ITS rDNA sequences. Mycologia 92:694–710

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kytövuori I, Niskanen T, Liimatainen K, Lindström H (2005) Cortinarius sordidemaculatus and two new related species, C. anisatus and C. neofurvolaesus, in Fennoscandia (Basidiomycota, Agaricales). Karstenia 45:33–49

    Google Scholar 

  • Lindström H, Bendiksen E, Bendiksen K, Larsson E (2008) Studies of the Cortinarius saniosus (Fr.: Fr.) Fr. complex and a new closely related species, C. aureovelatus (Basidiomycota, Agaricales). Sommerfeltia 31:139–159

    Google Scholar 

  • Liu YJ, Rogers SO, Ammirati JF (1997) Phylogenetic relationships in Dermocybe and related Cortinarius taxa based on nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers. Can J Bot 75:519–532

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Matheny PB, Ammirati JF (2006) Cortinarius lucorum (Fr.) Karst., a Populus associate from North America. Pacific Northwest Fungi 1(4):1–10

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Melot J (1990) Une classification du genre Cortinarius (Pers.) S.F. Gray. Doc Mycol 80:43–59

    Google Scholar 

  • Moser M (1983) Die Röhrlinge und Blätterpilze. In: Gams H (ed) Kleine Kryprogamenflora, 2b/2. 5th edn. Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart

    Google Scholar 

  • Moser M, Peintner U (2002a) The species complex Cortinarius scaurus - C. herpeticus based on morphological and molecular data. Micol Veg Mediterr 17(1):3–17

    Google Scholar 

  • Moser M, Peintner U (2002b) Die phylogenetischen Beziehungen der Cortinarius aureopulverulentus-Gruppe. J JEC 4:28–38

    Google Scholar 

  • Niskanen T, Liimatainen K, Kytövuori I (2006a) Taxonomy, ecology and distribution of. Cortinarius rubrovioleipes and C. hinnuleoarmillatus (Basidiomycota, Agaricales) in Fennoscandia. Karstenia 46:1–12

    Google Scholar 

  • Niskanen T, Liimatainen K, Kytövuori I (2006b) Cortinarius lustrabilis (Basidiomycota, Agaricales), a new species to Fennoscandia. Karstenia 46:13–16

    Google Scholar 

  • Niskanen T, Liimatainen K, Kytövuori I (2008) Suomen seitikkien (Cortinarius) systematiikka, ekologia ja levinneisyys. Suom Ymp 1:128–130 [Abstract: Systematics, ecology and distribution of Cortinarius in Finland]

    Google Scholar 

  • Peintner U, Moncalvo J-M, Vilgalys R (2004) Towards a better understanding of the infrageneric relationships in Cortinarius (Agaricales, Basidiomycota). Mycologia 96(5):1042–1058

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Seidl MT (2000) Phylogenetic relationships within Cortinarius subgenus Myxacium, sections Defibulati and Myxacium. Mycologia 92:1091–1102

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Soop K (2004) Cortinarius in Sweden, 9th revised edition. Éditions Scientrix, Mora

  • Thompson JD, Higgins DG, Gibson TJ (1994) Clustal W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, position specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice. Nucleic Acid Res 22:4673–4680

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wheeler WC (1996) Optimization alignment. The end of multiple sequence alignment in phylogenetics? Cladistics 12:1–9

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • White TJ, Bruns T, Lee S, Taylor J (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Michael AJ, Gelfand DH, Sninsky JJ, White TJ (eds) PCR protocols: a guide to the methods and applications. Academic Press, New York, pp 315–322

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

We thank Heino Vänskä for revision of the Latin descriptions and referees for valuable comments. This work was supported by the Ministry of Environment, Finland (YM195/5512/2002-5 & YM196/5512/2002-5).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tuula Niskanen.

Additional information

Taxonomical novelties: Cortinarius brunneifolius Kytöv., Niskanen & Liimat., Cortinarius leiocastaneus Niskanen, Liimat. & Soop.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Niskanen, T., Liimatainen, K. & Kytövuori, I. Two new species in Cortinarius subgenus Telamonia, Cortinarius brunneifolius and C. leiocastaneus, from Fennoscandia (Basidiomycota, Agaricales). Mycol Progress 7, 239–247 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-008-0565-1

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-008-0565-1

Keywords

  • Taxonomy
  • ITS
  • DNA