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Recognizing human violent action using drone surveillance within real-time proximity

Abstract

Nowadays, the world is witnessing a significant rise in the cases of both reported and unnoticed violations. As an answer to this rising menace, video surveillance can fill the gap of covering untapped actions which lead to violence, while also ensuring a secure life. In our everyday life, surveillance can be accomplished efficiently by activity classification from drone videos. The prominent fields that have employed this technology are police work, video categorization, biometrics, and human–computer interaction. So far, no public dataset is available for violent activity classification using drone surveillance. Hence, this work aims to look into the domain of machine-driven recognition and classification of human actions from drone videos. In this study, the dataset is created using drones from different heights for an unconstrained environment. The study begins by performing key-point extraction and generate 2D skeletons for the persons in the frame. These extracted key points are given as features in the classification module to recognize the actions. The classification models used in the proposed method are SVM (support vector machine) and Random Forest. Experimental results show that the SVM model with RBF (radial basis function) kernel for activity classification is more efficient when compared to the prior proposed approaches and other experimented models. The research work has also analyzed the run time performance of the proposed system and achieve its real-time performance.

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Acknowledgements

The authors of the manuscript would like to thank all the individuals who ever helped them in implementation of this project. The authors would also like to thank our organizations for giving us the opportunity to work in collaborative manner.

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The author declares that there is no funding associated with this project.

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Correspondence to Ankit Vidyarthi.

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The author of this manuscript confirms that: (i) informed, written consent has been obtained from the relevant sources wherever is required; (ii) all procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and its later amendments. (iii) the approval and/or informed consent were obtained by human subjects where ever is applicable.

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Srivastava, A., Badal, T., Garg, A. et al. Recognizing human violent action using drone surveillance within real-time proximity. J Real-Time Image Proc 18, 1851–1863 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11554-021-01171-2

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Keywords

  • Video surveillance
  • Unconstrained environment
  • Drone videos
  • Key-point extraction
  • Activity classification