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Endovascular treatment for hepatic vein-type Budd–Chiari syndrome: effectiveness and long-term outcome

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To determine the clinical effectiveness and long-term outcomes of endovascular treatment for hepatic vein (HV)-type Budd–Chiari syndrome (BCS).

Materials and methods

From June 2011 to August 2016, 68 consecutive patients with symptomatic HV-type BCS underwent endovascular treatment in our center. Data on the baseline characteristics, technical success, clinical success, and long-term outcomes were collected and analyzed retrospectively.


The technical success rate of endovascular treatment was 100%. Fifty patients underwent HV recanalization, and 18 underwent accessory HV (AHV) recanalization. The clinical success rate was 95.6% (65/68). During a mean follow-up period of 29.4 ± 13.6 months, 19 patients experienced re-obstruction of either the HV (n = 18) or the AHV (n = 1). The cumulative 1-, 2-, and 5-year primary patency rates were 80.0, 72.8, and 67.9%, respectively. The cumulative 1-, 2-, and 5-year secondary patency rates were 93.8, 90.3, and 82.9%, respectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that the independent predictor of a prolonged primary patency duration was recanalization of the AHV. Five patients died 1–28 months (median, 15 months) after treatment. The cumulative 1-, 2-, and 5-year survival rates were 96.9, 93.4, and 91.2%, respectively. There was no significant difference in survival between the HV and AHV recanalization groups.


Endovascular treatment is effective for patients with HV-type BCS. It can result in excellent long-term patency and survival rates. If it is applicable, AHV recanalization should be considered prior to treatment in order to achieve a longer patency.

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Correspondence to Yu Li.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Chen, ZK., Fan, J., Cao, C. et al. Endovascular treatment for hepatic vein-type Budd–Chiari syndrome: effectiveness and long-term outcome. Radiol med 123, 799–807 (2018).

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