Mandibular canal branching assessed with cone beam computed tomography

  • Mauricio Augusto Aquino de Castro
  • Sâmila Gonçalves Barra
  • Manuel Oscar Lagravere Vich
  • Mauro Henrique Guimaraes Abreu
  • Ricardo Alves Mesquita
COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
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Abstract

Purpose

The mandibular canal must be considered in dental procedures to avoid injuries of the alveolar inferior nerve. The occurrence of anatomical variations of the mandibular canal increases the risk of neurovascular injuries. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe the prevalence of mandibular canal branching (MCB) using cone beam computer tomography (CBCT).

Methods

Seven hundred standardized CBCTs were selected. The images were evaluated for the presence of MCB and for the detection of pathologies that could affect the structure of the canals. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Chi-squared test.

Results

The prevalence of MCB was 41.1%. There was no statistical difference between genders with the presence of the branches (p > 0.005). The highest prevalence was in the premolar and retromolar regions. Pathologies found in the molar region were frequently connected with MCB (77.8%), and the most common pathology related to branches was periapical lesion.

Conclusions

Mandibular canal branching presented a high prevalence in CBCT imagery, more frequently located in regions of the premolar and retromolar. An adequate diagnosis of the MCB is necessary to perform dental procedures and verify possible associated pathologies.

Keywords

Cone beam computed tomography Mandibular canal Mandible Inferior alveolar nerve Bifid mandibular canal 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors of the article “Mandibular canal branching assessed with cone beam computed tomography” declare that they have no conflict of interest regarding the study.

Ethical standards

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Medical Radiology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mauricio Augusto Aquino de Castro
    • 1
  • Sâmila Gonçalves Barra
    • 2
  • Manuel Oscar Lagravere Vich
    • 3
  • Mauro Henrique Guimaraes Abreu
    • 4
  • Ricardo Alves Mesquita
    • 5
  1. 1.School of DentistryFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.School of DentistryFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  3. 3.University of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  4. 4.Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, School of DentistryFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology, School of DentistryFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

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