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MRI of placenta percreta: differentiation from other entities of placental adhesive disorder

  • URO-GENITAL RADIOLOGY
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Abstract

Objectives

To retrospectively review the MRI findings of placenta percreta and identify those helpful for differentiation from non-placenta percreta.

Materials and methods

The MRI images of 21 patients with a preliminary diagnosis of placental adhesive disorder scanned between 2005 and 2014 were evaluated. Radiologists blinded to the final diagnosis evaluated six previously described MRI findings of placenta adhesive disorder. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, negative predictive value (NPV), and positive predictive value (PPV) of MRI for the diagnosis of placenta percreta were also calculated.

Results

The study included 12 cases of placenta percreta and 9 cases of non-placenta percreta. Invasion of placental tissue outside the uterus was found only in placenta percreta (p = 0.045; sensitivity 41.7 %; specificity 100 %). All placenta percreta cases also had a moderate to marked degree of heterogeneous placental signal intensity (p = 0.063; sensitivity 100 %; specificity 33.3 %). The size of the dark bands on T2-weighted imaging, and the presence of disorganized intra-placental vessels, showed no statistically significant difference between placenta percreta and non-placenta percreta. The sensitivity, specificity, NPV, PPV, and accuracy of MRI for detection of placenta percreta were 91.7, 44, 80, 68, and 71.4 %, respectively.

Conclusions

MRI is recommended for the evaluation of placenta percreta, with the most specific signs including the invasion of placental tissue outside the uterus on B-FFE sequences, and consideration of the degree of placental signal heterogeneity. The size of the T2 dark band alone, or bizarre disorganized intra-placental vessels, did not correlate with the severity of invasion.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shanigarn Thiravit.

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Financial support

This study has not received any funding.

Conflict of interest

We declare that we do not have any conflict of interest.

Informed consent

This retrospective study was approved by our institutional review board with a waiver for informed consent.

Ethical standards

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Thiravit, S., Lapatikarn, S., Muangsomboon, K. et al. MRI of placenta percreta: differentiation from other entities of placental adhesive disorder. Radiol med 122, 61–68 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11547-016-0689-3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11547-016-0689-3

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