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La radiologia medica

, Volume 118, Issue 1, pp 51–61 | Cite as

Screening for lung cancer using low-dose spiral CT: 10 years later, state of the art

  • M. ZompatoriEmail author
  • M. Mascalchi
  • F. Ciccarese
  • N. Sverzellati
  • U. Pastorino
Chest Radiology / Radiologia Toracica

Abstract

Ten years after the first papers on this subject, this editorial represents a brief review on lung cancer screening with low-dose spiral CT. The aim is to present the main theoretical and practical problems related to lung cancer screening, the historical background and results of observational studies and the main ongoing randomised controlled trials. In particular, the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), which was interrupted early, is discussed. The opinion of the authors is that too many questions are still awaiting an answer.

Keywords

Lung cancer Cancer screening CT scan 

Lo screening del tumore polmonare mediante TC spirale a bassa dose: dieci anni dopo, lo stato dell’arte

Riassunto

A dieci anni dai primi lavori sull’argomento, questo editoriale fa il punto della situazione sullo screening del tumore polmonare mediante tomografia computerizzata (TC) a bassa dose. Vengono esposti i principali problemi teorici e pratici connessi alla screening oncologico per il tumore polmonare, le premesse storiche, i risultati degli studi osservazionali ed i principali trial randomizzati e controllati in corso. In particolare, viene trattato in dettaglio lo studio National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), che è stato concluso con anticipo. Vengono esposti i risultati, insieme alle molte questioni ancora irrisolte e alle domande che attendono una risposta.

Parole chiave

Carcinoma polmonare Screening TC 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Zompatori
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Mascalchi
    • 2
  • F. Ciccarese
    • 1
  • N. Sverzellati
    • 3
  • U. Pastorino
    • 4
  1. 1.Sezione di Radiologia, Dipartimento di Scienze Radiologiche e IstocitopatologicheUniversità di BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Sezione di Radiodiagnostica, Dipartimento di Fisiopatologia ClinicaUniversità di FirenzeFirenzeItaly
  3. 3.Sezione di Radiodiagnostica, Dipartimento di Scienze ClinicheUniversità di ParmaParmaItaly
  4. 4.Chirurgia ToracicaIstituto Nazionale TumoriMilanoItaly

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