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Here or There Instruction: Lessons Learned in Implementing Innovative Approaches to Blended Synchronous Learning


Here or There (HOT) instruction is a blended synchronous approach that enables students from on-campus (“here”) or a remote location (“there”) to participate together in class activities in real time. The purpose of this article is to share three different cases at two universities that illustrate different implementations of HOT instruction, explain the affordances of these varied approaches, provide best practices that are common to each, and share lessons learned along the way. Readers will gain a better understanding of how to implement a range of innovative HOT approaches, and in what context(s) they might choose one approach over another. The authors’ experience indicates that sound pedagogical principles along with pragmatic considerations, such as class size, available technology, and instructor’s skills, should guide decisions regarding use of these blended synchronous approaches. Future research should look towards what impact blended synchronous environments have on student outcomes.

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The authors would like to acknowledge J.P. Leong at the University of Cincinnati for his expertise with technological design and on-site support and Zach Warner at the University of Cincinnati for offering sound instructional design advice.

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Correspondence to Janet Mannheimer Zydney.

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This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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All authors declare that he/she has no conflict of interest.

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Zydney, J.M., McKimmy, P., Lindberg, R. et al. Here or There Instruction: Lessons Learned in Implementing Innovative Approaches to Blended Synchronous Learning. TechTrends 63, 123–132 (2019).

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  • Blended synchronous learning
  • Synchromodal learning
  • Synchronous hybrid learning
  • Video conferencing
  • Web conferencing
  • Here or there instruction
  • HOT instruction